Bless Me, Ultima - Wikipedia
Like other Chicano novels, Anaya's Bless Me, Ultima, set in New Mexico .. The reader is not sure what Antonio's future relationship with his family is to be; he. Bless Me, Ultima is a coming-of-age novel by Rudolfo Anaya centering on Antonio Márez y . The relationship between Anaya's protagonist, Antonio and his spiritual guide, Ultima, unfolds in an enchanted landscape that accommodates. Like Bless Me, Ultima, this poem by Sandra Cisneros is about family, Some suggestions for characters: Antonio, Ultima, Gabriel, Narciso, Tenorio, Florence.
I read it because it has been banished from Tucson classrooms and school libraries. I read it because I live in a majority Mexican-American community in a part of Arizona that until relatively recently was still part of the state of Sonora, Mexico. And I read it because many readers have praised it. Anaya wrote his novel in Copies were co Actual rating: Copies were confiscated and burned at a New Mexico school less than a year later.
Burning, it turned out, was not to be a one-time aberration: Bless Me, Ultima has fed the flames again and again: My awareness of what is sometimes called Chicano pride literature began in Januarywhen Tucson Unified School District administrators cancelled Mexican-American Studies classes in mid-session, pulling novels and textbooks from students' and teachers' hands and packing them in boxes labeled "banned books," a story that resulted in international outrage and made Arizona a laughingstock.
Why do non-hispanics hate this novel? The most-often cited reason is that it contains profanity, violence, and sexuality. It is true that the novel contains two instances of the word "fuck. And there is violence.
But if there's any sex I must have missed it. His mother's dream is for him to become a Roman Catholic priest, his father's dream is to embark on a new adventure and move west to California with his sons to recapture the openness of the Llano he has foregone in moving to the town.
Tony's progress in learning about life is grounded in Ultima, who is highly respected by his parents. However, one night Antonio witnesses the death of a man back from the war, which makes him question his religion and identity, and sparks his journey towards manhood.
Antonio begins school in the fall, where he is portrayed as an excelling student, which greatly pleases his mother. Tony's First Communion experience leaves him disillusioned as he did not receive the spiritual knowledge he had expected. He begins to question the value of the Catholic Church, concentrated on the Virgin Mary and a Father God, and on ritualas unable to answer his moral and metaphysical dilemmas. At the same time, realizing that the Church represents the female values of his mother, Tony cannot bring himself to accept the lawlessness, violence and unthinking sensuality which his father and older brothers symbolize.
Instead through his relationship with Ultima, he discovers a oneness with nature. One day, while socializing with his friends they tell him the story of the Golden Carp. Antonio also continues to be an example for the children, who praise his religious savant as they dress him as a priest while preparing for first communion. Antonio's admiration for Ultima strengthens as he continues to question his faith, hoping to understand once he takes communion for the first time.
Ultima, in her role as protector, uses her knowledge of healing and magic to neutralize the evil witchcraft and, despite lacking priestly recognition, emerges as the only one who can cure him from death. In another traumatic death, Antonio witnesses the murder of Narciso, known as the town drunk, by Tenorio, a malicious saloon -keeper and barber in El Puerto.
As a result, Antonio becomes ill and enters a dream-like state. Tenorio blames Ultima for the death of one of his daughters, claiming that his daughter passed because Ultima cursed her. Tenorio plots his revenge on Ultima throughout the duration of the novel. Following the death of the owl, Ultima quickly follows and is accompanied by Antonio at her bedside as she dies. Before her death, she instructs Antonio to collect her medicines and herbs before destroying them by the river.
In addition, he reflects on the pull between Catholicism and the continuation of Ultima's spiritual legacy and concludes that he does not need to choose one over the other, but can bring both together to form a new identity and a new religion that is made up of both. Antonio says to his father: Take the llano and the river valley, the moon and the sea, God and the golden carp—and make something new Papa, can a new religion be made? He turns to both pagan and Christian ideologies for guidance, but he doubts both traditions.
With Ultima's help, Antonio makes the transition from childhood to adolescence and begins to make his own choices and to accept responsibility for their consequences. Both hold conflicting views about Tony's destiny and battle over his future path. While Gabriel represents the roaming life of a vaquero and hopes for Tony to follow this path of life, Maria represents the settled life of hard-working farmers and aspires for her son to become a priest. Her role in the community is as mediator.
Ultima knows the ways of the Catholic Church and also the ways of the indigenous spiritual practices over which she is master.
Bless Me, Ultima
Ultima understands the philosophy and the morality of the ancient peoples of New Mexico and teaches Tony through example, experience and critical reflection, the universal principles that explain and sustain life.
Although she is generally respected in the community, people sometimes misunderstand her power.
At times she is referred to as a brujaor witch, but no one—not even Antonio—knows whether or not she is truly a witch. Finally Antonio puts pieces of the puzzle together and the revelation of who she is comes to him.
Bless Me, Ultima by Rudolfo Anaya
She holds Antonio's destiny in her hands, and at the end of the story sacrifices her own life so that Antonio might live. Tenorio Trementina and his three daughters — Tenorio is a malicious saloon -keeper and barber in El Puerto.
His three daughters perform a black mass and place a curse on Antonio's uncle Lucas Luna. Tenorio detests Ultima because she lifts the curse on Lucas and soon after she does so, one of Tenorio's daughters dies.
Hot-tempered and vengeful, Tenorio spends the rest of the novel plotting Ultima's death, which he finally achieves by killing her owl familiarher spiritual guardian.
Afterwards, he tries to kill Antonio but is shot by Uncle Pedro.
Ultima's Owl — Embodies Ultima's soul, the power of her mysticism, and her life force. The song the owl sings softly outside Antonio's window at night indicates Ultima's presence and magical protection in Antonio's life. Ultima's owl scratches Tenorio's eye out as he stands in Gabriel's doorway and demands the right to take Ultima away from Gabriel's house.
By the end of the novel Tenorio has figured out the connection between Ultima and her owl. By killing Ultima's owl, Tenorio destroys Ultima's soul and life force, which leads quickly to her death.
Antonio takes on the responsibility of burying the owl and realizes that he is really burying Ultima. Lupito — A war veteran who has post-traumatic stress disorder. After Lupito murders the local sheriff in one of his deranged moments, he is killed by the sheriff and his posse as young Antonio looks on from his hiding place on the banks of the river. Lupito's violent death provides the catalyst for Antonio's serious moral and religious questioning.
As a result, he gets so sick that Ultima is summoned to cure him. She concocts a potient of herbs, water, and kerosene as a purgative and uses Antonio's innocence as a mediator to effect the cure. Narciso — Although known as the town drunk, Narciso cuts a large, strong figure of a man.
Narciso and Gabriel are good friends because they share a deep and passionate love for the llano. Narciso has a deep abiding loyalty and love for Ultima because of her extraordinary efforts to save his young wife who had succumbed to an epidemic that struck the town.
Narciso demonstrates a strong appreciation for the richness of the earth —his garden is a lush masterpiece full of sweet vegetables and fruits. Tenorio kills him as he is on his way to warn Ultima that Tenorio is after her. As he lies dying in Antonio's arms, he asks Antonio to give him a blessing.
He challenges Tenorio when Tenorio speaks badly of Ultima. Not long afterward, a curse is laid on his home. Horse loves to wrestle, but everyone fears Bones more because he is reckless and perhaps even crazy.
Ernie is a braggart who frequently teases Antonio. The Vitamin Kid is the fastest runner in Guadalupe.
Bless Me, Ultima Quotes from LitCharts | The creators of SparkNotes
Red is a Protestant, so he is often teased by the other boys. Lloyd enjoys reminding everyone that they can be sued for even the most minor offenses. Abel, the smallest boy in the group, frequently urinates in inappropriate places. Samuel — One of Antonio's friends. He is also the Vitamin Kid's brother. Unlike most of Antonio's friends, Samuel is gentle and quiet. He tells Antonio about the golden carp.
I need to make a shirnk poem on bless me ultima ... please help! =/?
It is here that Antonio starts questioning his faith. Florence — One of Antonio's friends who does not believe in God, but goes to catechism to be with his friends.
Florence shows Antonio that the Catholic Church is not perfect. He dies in a very bad drowning accident. He disobeys his father when he continues to visit an Indian who lives near the town. He is described by Antonio as being moody. Cico tells Antonio that the story of the golden carp originally comes from the Indian. When they return home, they suffer post-traumatic stress as a result of the war. Restless and depressed, they all eventually leave home to pursue independent lives, crushing Gabriel's dream of moving his family to California.
Most of the time, they play with dolls and speak English, a language Antonio does not begin to learn until he attends school. They struggle with Gabriel to lay a claim to Antonio's future. Antonio's uncles are quiet and gentle, and they plant their crops by the cycle of the moon.
Father Byrnes — A stern Catholic priest with hypocritical and unfair policies. He teaches catechism to Antonio and his friends. He punishes Florence for the smallest offenses because Florence challenges the Catholic orthodoxy, but he fails to notice, and perhaps even ignores, the misbehavior of the other boys.
Rather than teach the children to understand God, he teaches them to fear God. When Tenorio declares an all out war against Ultima, he does not want his sons to get involved, even though Ultima saved Lucas's life.
Miss Maestas — Antonio's first-grade teacher. Although Antonio does not speak English well, Miss Maestas recognizes his bright spark of intelligence. Under her tutelage, Antonio unlocks the secrets of words.
She promotes him to the third grade at the end of the year.