DAIMYO, SHOGUNS AND THE BAKUFU (SHOGUNATE) | Facts and Details
The relationship between the shogun and the daimyo was that of lord and .. for renga) as separate poems, developing a new style called shōfū or “Bashō style. The term shōgun, which means “general who quells barbarians,” is an ancient whereby provincial warlords (daimyo) were required to maintain residences in. It was, at its simplest, a hostage system which required that either the daimyo or his When the Tokugawa shogunate began to lose power, it abolished sankin.
The emperor was the source of legitimacy since the office of shogun was an imperial appointment. Furthermore, Confucianism which was the official ideology of the Tokugawa house during the Edo period focused attention on the emperor.
Thus, the Tokugawa shogunate established a monopoly on access to the imperial court. As the period wore on, the monopoly was breached, but it is essentially true that the Tokugawa controlled and manipulated the court for its own purposes.
The shogunate held a near monopoly over foreign trade and foreign affairs. The trade monopoly was important because significant profits were available to the Tokugawa alone. Foreign trade was also permitted through Satsuma domain to the Ryukyu kingdom Okinawa and through Tsushima domain to Korea, but generally speaking diplomatic matters were closely controlled by the Tokugawa. Foreign relations were crucial because control of them made a statement to the political public that the Tokugawa house was in control of all aspects of government; it was an additional source of legitimacy.
In line with this, the Tokugawa shogunate restricted diplomatic contact by prohibiting any Europeans except the Dutch from coming to Japan after ; this was the policy of national seclusion sakoku. But even seclusion was an exercise of power which impressed observers and encouraged submission.
Takeda Shingen - Wikipedia
Perhaps the most important role of the shogunate was control of the domains, the han. This was precisely what had been lacking in the Warring States period, the ability of central authority to enforce peace. During the forty years before the Edo period, the three unifiers, Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu, evolved a system which proved increasingly capable of ensuring the loyalty and obedience of vassals. The Tokugawa shogunate took this previous experience and honed it to perfection.
Elements of this system included a police and spy network which reported any suspicious activity by samurai or daimyo. Daimyo were required to report any proposed marriage alliances between domains to the shogunate for approval. Contact between domains was prohibited to reduce opportunities for plotting against the shogunate. The number of castles, their size and their strength were very strictly limited. The shogunate could punish daimyo for transgressions in a variety of ways; a domain could be reduced in size, the daimyo could be shifted to an entirely different domain, or, the ultimate sanction, suicide could be demanded, perhaps with the additional punishment of his lineage being reduced in status to a non-daimyo level.
The most important aspect of the system of controlling the han was the sankin-kotai system, or the system of alternate residence in Edo. This grew out of the Warring States period practice of demanding high-ranking hostages from vassals or allies to guarantee good behavior.
- Sankin Kotai and the Hostage System
- Tokugawa Political System
- Takeda Shingen
The founder of the shogunate, Tokugawa Ieyasu, was himself a hostage for nearly 13 years as a young boy.
The Tokugawa, however, formalized the keeping of hostages. They established rules which specified for each daimyo a period of time every year or two or three during which the daimyo must live in Edo. In he took Uchiyama and won the Battle of Odaihara.
Inhe took Shika. However, the warlord was checked at Uedahara by Murakami Yoshikiyolosing two of his generals in a heated battle which Murakami won. Shingen managed to avenge this loss and the Murakami clan was eventually defeated in the Sieges of Toishi. The feud between them became legendary, and they faced each other on the battlefield five times in the Battles of Kawanakajima.
In Deep: The Isolation of Japan | The Slow Road Travel Blog
The conflict between the two that had the fiercest fighting, and might have decided victory or defeat for one side or the other, was the fourth battle, during which the famous tale arose of Uesugi Kenshin 's forces clearing a path through the Takeda troops and Kenshin engaging Shingen in single combat. The tale has Kenshin attacking Shingen with his sword while Shingen defends with his iron war fan or tessen.
Both lords lost many men in this fight, and Shingen in particular lost two of his main generals, Yamamoto Kansuke and his younger brother Takeda Nobushige. His son was confined to the Toko temple, where he died two years later; it is not known whether his death was natural or ordered by his father.
Inhe captured KatsuraoWada, Takashima and Fukuda.
DAIMYO, SHOGUNS AND THE BAKUFU (SHOGUNATE)
In he took FukushimaKannomineMatsuo and Yoshioka. Takeda Shingen then took Kuragano in and Minowa Castle. He then moved against the Hojo by attacking Hachigata Castle then engaged in the Siege of Odawara Yoshinobu, however, had strongly opposed such a plan because his wife was the daughter of late Yoshimoto. During this time Shingen also ordered the damming project of the Fuji Riverwhich was one of the major domestic activities of the time. Death[ edit ] The exact circumstances surrounding Takeda Shingen's death are not known.
There are many different stories, some of which are as follows. He engaged Tokugawa Ieyasu 's forces in and captured Futamata, and in January engaged in the Battle of Mikatagaharawhere he defeated, but not decisively, a small combined army of Nobunaga and Ieyasu. After defeating Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shingen stopped his advance temporarily due to outside influences, which allowed the Tokugawa to prepare for battle again.
He entered Mikawa Province, but soon died in the camp. Some accounts say he succumbed to an old war wound, some say a sniper wounded him earlier, and some accounts say he died of pneumonia. The other aspects of his death depicted in the film were artistic liberties taken by the director. Katsuyori was ambitious and desired to continue the legacy of his father. He moved on to take Tokugawa forts.
Here Oda Nobunaga's matchlock -armed infantry destroyed the Takeda cavalry.The Shogunate: History of Japan
Ieyasu seized the opportunity and defeated the weak Takeda led by Takeda Katsuyori in the battle of Tenmokuzan. Katsuyori committed suicide after the battle, and the Takeda clan never recovered.