The True Story of Mary, Queen of Scots, and Elizabeth I | History | Smithsonian
The problem, for Mary Queen of Scots an Elizabeth I: the “conspiratorial, Machiavellian, Mary, meanwhile, opted for marriage and a baby. Elizabeth I's relationship with Mary, Queen of Scots dominated On 17 November Elizabeth I acceded to the throne of England . This article was first published in the Christmas issue of BBC History Magazine. The upcoming movie Mary Queen of Scots explores how Elizabeth I screenplay writer Beau Willimon tells PEOPLE in this week's issue. “It's a fluctuating relationship,” says historian John Guy, whose book Queen of Scots.
Then, news of another killing broke. This time, the victim was Darnley himself. In the summer ofthe increasingly unpopular queen was imprisoned and forced to abdicate in favor of her son. Bothwell fled to Denmark, where he died in captivity 11 years later. Instead, Elizabeth placed Mary—an anointed monarch over whom she had no real jurisdiction—under de facto house arrest, consigning her to 18 years of imprisonment under what can only be described as legally grey circumstances.
As is often the case, the truth is far more nuanced. Both queens were surprisingly fluid in their religious inclinations. The versions of Mary and Elizabeth created by Saoirse Ronan and Margot Robbie may reinforce some of the popular misconceptions surrounding the twin queens—including the oversimplified notion that they either hated or loved each other, and followed a direct path from friendship to arch rivalry—but they promise to present a thoroughly contemporary twist on an all-too-familiar tale of women bombarded by men who believe they know better.
Not only were the two absolute rulers in a patriarchal society, but they were also women whose lives, while seemingly inextricable, amounted to more than their either their relationships with men or their rivalry with each other.
But her Catholic guardians were opposed to the match and took the young Mary to Stirling Castle, breaking the agreement. Henry ordered a series of savage, yet unsuccessful raids into Scotland known as 'The Rough Wooing'.
At the French court Conscious of the benefits of an alliance with France, the Scots betrothed the young queen to Francis, the four-year-old heir to the French crown, and sent Mary to be raised at the court of Henry II. In Aprilthe young couple were duly married and Francis became king inbriefly uniting the French and Scottish crowns. However, Francis died from an ear infection the following year. A widow at just 18, Mary returned to Scotland where she faced many challenges. As a Catholic in a country that was officially Protestant, she was regarded with suspicion by some of her subjects.
Mary accepted the Protestant-led government and initially ruled with moderation. Their relationship quickly broke down and as the spoiled and petulant Darnley spent less time with Mary, she became increasingly close to her advisor, the Earl of Bothwell.
Inside the Rivalry Between Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots | ddttrh.info
They claimed Rizzio was having an affair with Mary and was using this as leverage to gain influence in court. Darnley and the nobles burst in upon the heavily-pregnant Mary as she was having supper with Rizzio and five close friends, including Bothwell.
He was as disliked as Darnley by the Scots lords and they rose up against Mary. Bothwell escaped to Europe where he died an alcoholic and all but insane. Mary was arrested and held prisoner at Lochleven Castle. She was made to give up the throne for James, her son. Mary later escaped from her prison and she fled to England where she hoped her cousin, Elizabeth, would look after her.
First, Mary was a queen and so was Elizabeth. Mary expected a queen to help a queen. Secondly, Mary assumed that their family ties would prove strong.
She could not have been more wrong. At the age of 25, the former queen of Scotland started a lengthy spell in a number of manor houses or castles that were her prison. Elizabeth had brought what might have passed as religious stability to England. Certainly the religious discord under her half-sister Mary I, had greatly weakened.
Elizabeth had a belief that if someone was a Catholic and practiced their beliefs privately and represented no threat to the queen, then she was willing to tolerate their religion. If the Catholics were respectful to the queen and obedient, then Elizabeth could see no reason why they should not be tolerated. The nation greatly benefited from religious stability.
Mary, Queen of Scots, threatened this stability. As a Catholic, she might become a focus for all the Catholics who existed in England and a leader for them. In this sense, Mary was a very real threat to Elizabeth. Therefore, if the marriage was illegal, Elizabeth was illegitimate and had no right to the throne.
Mary, Queen of Scots
If Elizabeth had no right to the throne, the nearest legal heir to the English throne was Mary, Queen of Scots. Though most people would have found this an absurd idea, it could have acted as an incentive for the Catholics in England to rebel against Elizabeth and put Mary onto the throne.
Elizabeth now hit a problem. Her cousin quite clearly posed problems for her. If Mary was sent back to Scotland, from where she had escaped, she may well have been killed and Elizabeth would not accept that a queen and family should be treated in such a way.
But by being in England, Mary might act as a spur for Catholics to rebel. For the next 19 years, Mary was kept in safe custody in various castles and manor houses.
In all this time, Mary never met Elizabeth.