“Uncle Joe” Stalin and FDR Formed History's Most Essential Alliance | Essay | Zócalo Public Square
Franklin D. Roosevelt's stance toward Joseph Stalin in the World War II and FDR's death, with special attention to his the Soviet leader comparable to the close relations he had. “Uncle Joe” Stalin and FDR Formed History's Most Essential which has unfortunately characterized the relationship between them ever since. Franklin D Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin between 4 and 11 February a gloomy and prescient assessment of future Soviet relations with the West.
Stalin agreed that free elections should be held in Poland as soon as possible. He also accepted Churchill's pleas that members of the Polish and Yugoslav governments-in-exile should be included in the new administrations of those countries.
Russia also adhered to a 'Declaration on Liberated Europe' in which the 'Big Three' registered their desire for the establishment of democratic institutions in the countries that their forces had or were about to liberate from Nazi rule. Charles 'Chip' Bohlen of the US State Department, who acted as FDR's Russian interpreter, believed that each of the 'Big Three' had achieved their major goals at Yalta, while recognising that, 'there was a sense of frustration and some bitterness in regard to Poland'.
To American and British professional diplomats like Bohlen, the agreements reached at Yalta seemed on the surface to be 'realistic compromises between the various positions of each country'.
Stalin had made a genuine concession in finally agreeing to a French zone in Germany, while Churchill and Roosevelt had given in a great deal on Poland. But even then, Bohlen thought, the plan as finally agreed upon might well have resulted in a genuinely democratic Polish government if it had been carried out.
Bohlen's State Department friend George Kennan was not so optimistic. In a memorandum written just before Yalta, Kennan had given a gloomy and prescient assessment of future Soviet relations with the West.
In it he saw no hope of co-operation with Stalin in a post-war Europe, rather an 'unavoidable conflict arising between the Allied need for stable, independent nations in Europe and a Soviet push to the west'. Within a very short time Stalin was refusing to carry out his part of the bargain on Poland, disregarding the Declaration on Liberated Europe.
Anthony Eden wrote later that, 'at Yalta the Russians seemed relaxed and, so far as we could judge, friendly'. There were banquets at which innumerable toasts of vodka were drunk. At one Stalin described Roosevelt as 'the chief forger of the instruments which led to the mobilisation of the world against Hitler'. He called Churchill 'the man who is born once in a hundred years' and 'the bravest statesman in the world'.
Eschewing vodka, the Prime Minister was described by one of his aides as 'drinking buckets of Caucasian champagne which would undermine the health of any ordinary man'. Roosevelt's declining health was evident to everyone present.
Accompanied by his daughter, Anna, the 7, mile journey to Yalta had left the President sapped of energy. Sir Alexander Cadogan, permanent head of the Foreign Office, wrote in his diary that 'Uncle Joe' Stalin was 'much the most impressive of the three men.
He is very quiet and restrained…the President flapped about and the P.
'Roosevelt and Stalin' details the surprisingly warm relationship of an unlikely duo
When he did chip in, he never used a superfluous word, and spoke very much to the point'. James Byrnes wrote in his memoir that the Soviet dictator was 'a very likeable person', while Churchill toasted him as 'the mighty leader of a mighty nation whose people had driven the tyrants from her soil'. Yalta - a prophetic warning? Replying to President Roosevelt's toast in which he hoped that the unity that had characterised the Grand Alliance against Hitler during the war would continue, the Soviet dictator replied: The difficult task will come after the war when diverse interests will tend to divide the Allies.
It is our duty to see that our relations in peacetime are as strong as they have been in war. As he was later to write: The United States only joined the anti-German Entente in the spring ofshortly after the prolonged conflict had already helped topple the Romanov dynasty in Russia. But within a few months, the Bolsheviks took power, and withdrew Russia from the conflict altogether, making a separate peace with the Germans. The regime of Vladimir Lenin convened the Communist International in Moscow to plot revolution across the capitalist world.
The Wilson administration, which had joined its French and British allies to support the pre-Bolshevik provisional government and its efforts to remain in the war even as the Russian state was dissolving, found itself sponsoring a military intervention into Russia. Its aims were ostensibly linked to the fight against the Germans, but the move was perceived then, and to subsequent generations of Russians, as hostile and counter-revolutionary.
The World War II alliance was far more consequential. The Soviet Union and the United States worked together not only to defeat Hitler, but also to design the post-war era.
Yalta Conference - Wikipedia
The high point of the Allied crusade may have been the Atlantic Charter of latewhich set forth such lofty war aims as respect for borders and freedom from want and fear in the coming postwar order. Those ideals became the basis of the Charter of the United Nations. On a less elevated plane, the Americans and Soviets, together with their British partners, planned the four-power occupations of Germany and Austria, and the joint prosecution of war crimes in Nuremberg.