Who Were the Puritans and What Did They Believe?
There were a number of religious factors that contributed to the Salem witch trials. Puritan Lifestyle and Religious Views The Puritans also believed strongly in the wrath of God and did everything they could to prevent had been previously scandalized by the community for having premarital sexual relations and not. Their efforts to transform the nation contributed both to civil war in England and to Puritans believed that it was necessary to be in a covenant relationship with to English Protestants to view England as an elect nation chosen by God to Both groups, but especially the Separatists, were repressed by the establishment. Puritan beliefs, in essence, emphasized a relationship with God and Jesus Christ . Their belief was that one's foundation for success in this life, and beyond, was to it should be practiced based on their view and understanding of the Bible. It was also understood in Puritan society that Heaven and Hell are specific.
Puritan New England: Massachusetts Bay
Though the Puritans won the fight with Oliver Cromwell's leadership, their victory was short-lived; hence their displacement to America. What it did show was the danger that their self-imposed isolation had put them in. Most of the Puritans settled in the New England area. As they immigrated and formed individual colonies, their numbers rose from 17, in toin Religious exclusiveness was the foremost principle of their society.
The spiritual beliefs that they held were strong. This strength held over to include community laws and customs. Since God was at the forefront of their minds, He was to motivate all of their actions. This premise worked both for them and against them.
- Who Were The Puritans?
The common unity strengthened the community. In a foreign land surrounded with the hardships of pioneer life, their spiritual bond made them sympathetic to each other's needs.
Their overall survival techniques permeated the colonies and on the whole made them more successful in several areas beyond that of the colonies established to their south. Each church congregation was to be individually responsible to God, as was each person.
The New Testament was their model and their devotion so great that it permeated their entire society. People of opposing theological views were asked to leave the community or to be converted.
Their interpretation of scriptures was a harsh one. They emphasized a redemptive piety. In principle, they emphasized conversion and not repression. Conversion was a rejection of the "worldliness" of society and a strict adherence to Biblical principles.
The Puritans and the Bible | ddttrh.info
While repression was not encouraged in principle, it was evident in their actions. God could forgive anything, but man could forgive only by seeing a change in behavior. Actions spoke louder than words, so actions had to be constantly controlled. The doctrine of predestination kept all Puritans constantly working to do good in this life to be chosen for the next eternal one.
Puritanism first emerged as a distinct movement in a controversy over clerical vestments and liturgical practices during the reign of Elizabeth. Immediately following the Elizabethan Settlement, Protestant clergy could, within reason, choose what to wear while leading worship. Many preachers took this opportunity… Theology Puritanism may be defined primarily by the intensity of the religious experience that it fostered.
Calvinist theology and polity proved to be major influences in the formation of Puritan teachings. Still, because of the importance of preaching, the Puritans placed a premium on a learned ministry.
During the reign of Queen Mary —58however, England returned to Roman Catholicism, and many Protestants were forced into exile. The Book of MartyrsPage from the eighth edition of The Book of Martyrs, by John Foxe, woodcut depicting top zealous reformers stripping a church of its Roman Catholic furnishings and bottom a Protestant church interior with a baptismal font and a communion table set with a cup and paten, published in London, ; in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
Photograph by Veronika Brazdova. This attitude was in stark contrast to that of Catholics, who refused to tolerate private ownership of Bibles in the vernacular language. The Puritans placed a special emphasis on reading scripture, and their commitment to literacy led to the establishment of the first printing press in English America in As CalvinistsPuritans adhered to the doctrine of predestination, whereby a few elect would be saved and all others damned.
No one could be sure whether they were predestined for salvation, but through introspection, guided by scripture, Puritans hoped to find a glimmer of redemptive grace.Puritans: Assurance of Faith - Dr. Joel Beeke Sermon
Church membership was restricted to those Puritans who were willing to provide a conversion narrative telling how they came to understand their spiritual estate by hearing sermons and studying the Bible. Like many other Europeans, the Puritans believed in the supernatural. Hundreds were accused of witchcraft in Puritan New England, including townspeople whose habits or appearance bothered their neighbors or who appeared threatening for any reason.
Women, seen as more susceptible to the Devil because of their supposedly weaker constitutions, made up the vast majority of suspects and those who were executed.
The most notorious witchcraft cases occurred in Salem Village in Many of the accusers who prosecuted the suspected witches had been traumatized by the Indian wars on the frontier and by unprecedented political and cultural changes in New England. Relying on their belief in witchcraft to help make sense of their changing world, Puritan authorities executed 19 people and caused the deaths of several others. The engraving shows a young woman writhing on the floor of a court room while shocked townspeople stare.
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Another woman raises a hand to testify in front of two judges. Crafts, Pioneers in the settlement of America: Published by Samuel Walker and Company. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Religious intolerance in Massachusetts Bay Although many people assume Puritans escaped England to establish religious freedom, they proved to be just as intolerant as the English state church.