Iran issue tests India’s foreign policy - The Hindu BusinessLine
The India-US relationship is still determined to a large extent by the the U.S. to balance against a proximate power like China, relations with. A stronger US defense relationship with India is unlikely to distract China from its aggressive policies in the South and East China Sea. But the. Eliminating the hesitations of history, India and the United States have built India even voted against UN forces crossing the 38th Parallel and.
Hence, it is wise to analyse the possible effects well in advance and plan accordingly. Trade War and Possible Escalation Towards the beginning of the year, the President of the United States of America, Donald Trump, reprimanded China, alleging unfair trade practices and theft of intellectual property. The United States is perhaps one of the biggest consumers of Chinese goods.
Iran issue tests India’s foreign policy
Hence, souring trade relations between the two meant economic implications for the Asian nation. Subsequently, Trump imposed 10 percent and 25 percent duty on aluminium and steel respectively coming from all countries except Canada and Mexico.
This, by no stretch of the imagination, was a trade war. This escalation could have a much more profound impact than the first round, which makes many believe that we are on the brink of a major trade war. How it could affect India As mentioned earlier, the effects of a trade war are unlikely to be restricted to merely these two countries. Due to this, India too could find some changing dynamics in its economy. The basic principles of economics, i. Churchill threatened to resign if Roosevelt pushed too hard, so Roosevelt backed down.
America under the Truman administration leaned towards favouring India in the late s as a consequence of most U. American officials perceived India's policy of non-alignment negatively. Grady told then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru that the United States did not consider neutrality to be an acceptable position.
Grady told the State Department in December that he had informed Nehru "that this is a question that cannot be straddled and that India should get on the democratic side immediately. His tour of the US was "an undiplomatic disaster" that left bad feelings on both sides. India tried to act as a broker to help end that war, and served as a conduit for diplomatic messages between the US and China.
Meanwhile, poor harvests forced India to ask for American aid for its food security, which was given starting in The Soviet Union provided about half as much in monetary terms, however made much larger contributions in kind, taking the form of infrastructural aid, soft loans, technical knowledge transfer, economic planning and skills involved in the areas of steel millsmachine buildinghydro-electric power and other heavy industries especially nuclear energy and space research.
Eisenhower at Parliament House, before the President's address to a joint session of Parliament, InDwight D. Eisenhower was the first US President to visit India to strengthen the staggering ties between the two nations. He was so supportive that the New York Times remarked, "It did not seem to matter much whether Nehru had actually requested or been given a guarantee that the US would help India to meet further Chinese Communist aggression.
What mattered was the obvious strengthening of Indian—American friendship to a point where no such guarantee was necessary.
Kennedy, Vice-President Lyndon B. Kennedy 's Presidency —63India was considered a strategic partner and counterweight to the rise of Communist China. Kennedy said, Chinese Communists have been moving ahead the last 10 years.
India has been making some progress, but if India does not succeed with her million people, if she can't make freedom work, then people around the world are going to determine, particularly in the underdeveloped world, that the only way they can develop their resources is through the Communist system.
The Kennedy administration openly supported India during the Sino-Indian war and considered the Chinese action as "blatant Chinese Communist aggression against India". Defense Secretary Robert McNamara and General Maxwell Taylor advised the president to use nuclear weapons should the Americans intervene in such a situation.
Kennedy insisted that Washington defend India as it would any ally, saying, "We should defend India, and therefore we will defend India. As an economist, he also presided over the at the time largest US foreign aid program to any country. Following the assassination of Kennedy inIndo-US relations deteriorated gradually. While Kennedy's successor Lyndon Johnson sought to maintain relations with India to counter Communist China,  he also sought to strengthen ties with Pakistan with the hopes of easing tensions with China and weakening India's growing military buildup as well.
Richard Nixon shifted away from the neutral stance which his predecessors had taken towards Indo-Pakistani hostilities. He established a very close relationship with Pakistan, aiding it militarily and economically, as India, now under the leadership of Indira Gandhiwas seen as leaning towards the Soviet Union.
He considered Pakistan as a very important ally to counter Soviet influence in the Indian subcontinent and establish ties with China, with whom Pakistan was very close. Later inIndia conducted its first nuclear test, Smiling Buddhawhich was opposed by the US, however it also concluded that the test did not violate any agreement and proceeded with a June shipment of enriched uranium for the Tarapur reactor.
India-US Bilateral Relations: All You Need To Know - Clear IAS
In the late s, with the anti-Soviet Janata Party leader Morarji Desai becoming the Prime Minister, India improved its relations with the US, now led by Jimmy Carterdespite the latter signing an order in barring nuclear material from being exported to India due to India's non-proliferation record.
The Reagan Administration provided limited assistance to India. India sounded out Washington on the purchase of a range of US defence technology, including F-5 aircraft, super computers, night vision goggles and radars.
In Washington approved the supply of selected technology to India including gas turbines for naval frigates and engines for prototypes for India's light combat aircraft. On 1 AugustU. Atomic Energy Act, which spells out the precise terms, conditions, responsibilities, obligations and promises that each party undertakes.
U.S. Department of State
As the Hyde Act had imposed restrictions on how India could utilize U. Leaders of almost all the political parties of India had categorically expressed their dislike and apprehensions for provisions that provided for cutting off aid if India conducts any future nuclear tests and the return of the all nuclear material or equipment provided by U.
Section 17b in the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Bill, according to which the Operator cannot seek recourse in case of nuclear accidents because of patent or latent defects in the material, equipment and even in the services provided. The US defies it to be against international norms whereas India says that it is according to Convention on Supplementary Compensation.
The Bill fixes no-fault liability on operators and gives them a right of recourse against certain persons. It caps the liability of the operator at Rs crore. For damage exceeding this amount, and up to million SDR, the central government will be liable.
All operators except the central government need to take insurance or provide financial security to cover their liability. For facilities owned by the government, the entire liability up to million SDR will be borne by the government. The Bill specifies who can claim compensation and the authorities who will assess and award compensation for nuclear damage.
Those not complying with the provisions of the Bill can be penalized. Analysis of the Bill and further issues: The liability cap on the operator: It is not clear if the government intends to allow private operators to operate nuclear power plants.
The extent of environmental damage and consequent economic loss will be notified by the government. This might create a conflict of interest in cases where the government is also the party liable to pay compensation.