Jessica (The Merchant of Venice) - Wikipedia
3-Launcelot and his father Old Gobbo. * Jessica, in contrast, is the least loyal of the children to her father in the play, meeting secretly with. The interaction between Lancelot and his father, Old Gobbo, in this scene, 2 educator answers; What is the relationship between Antonio and Bassanio?. In 'The Merchant of Venice', there are three parent-child relationships; to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. . Deep down, Launcelot and Old Gobbo have a good relationship although at first they.
This makes what should have been a mild grudge into a psychopathic obsession for Shylock: He hates our sacred nation, and he rails, Even there where merchants most do congregate, On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift, Which he calls interest. Cursed be my tribe If I forgive him.
Let Shylock live, but only if he gives up his religion and signs his worldly goods over to the daughter who betrayed him. Shylock sometimes falls victim to this when directors want to turn him into an all-out tragic figure; one notable production had him stab himself upon exit from the court scene.
The "merchant" figure was a common stock character of Shakespeare's day. He was one-dimensional and entirely preoccupied with his wealth and the jeopardy that wealth was inevitably placed in.
Parent-child relationships in Shakespeare’s ‘The Merchant of Venice” Essay Sample
In the first scene, Antonio is shown to be a deconstruction of this: Department of Redundancy Department: Used for drama in Shylock's speeches and comedy in Launcelot's. Portia also does this while humorously confessing that she's stalling. I speak too long, but 'tis to pheaze the time, To eke it and to draw it out in length Deus ex Machina In-universe: When the laws of Venice are at a loss to save Antonio, a mysterious young lawyer suddenly appears and saves the day.
The audience knows it's Portia, but to the court it seems like a miracle. In the final scene, Portia suddenly announces to Antonio that three of his supposedly lost merchant ships have returned and he is no longer bankrupt. No justification is given for how she found this out when he doesn't even know yet or for the plot hole created by un-sinking ships that were very much shipwrecked before.
One of the most famous examples: Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions? Fed with the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer as a Christian is? If you prick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh?
If you poison us, do we not die? And if you wrong us, shall we not revenge? Shylock decides to enforce the terms of the loan in the most gruesome way possible because of Jessica's elopement with Lorenzo, which he wrongly assumes Antonio had a hand in. Antonio is a douchebag to Shylock, there's no denying, but that's hardly a capital crime. Although their existence as two separate characters is justified it further isolates Antoniothey are virtually interchangeable.
Does This Remind You of Anything? In Shakespeare's timethe rings and circles in general were suggestive of female genitalia. You were to blame, I must be plain with you, To part so slightly with your wife's first gift: A thing stuck on with oaths upon your finger And so riveted with faith unto your flesh. Rampant in the courtroom scene, when the audience knows that the mysterious young lawyer Balthazar and his clerk are in fact Portia and Nerissa in disguise. When Antonio implores Bassanio to tell his story to Portia: Slightly later, after Bassanio swears he would sacrifice his wife to save Antonio: Jessica runs away from her father to marry Lorenzo.
Portia's suitors must choose between three caskets to win her hand. If they choose incorrectly, they must leave Belmont, swearing to never again court a woman. Entitled to Have You: Morocco and Arragon both feel this way about Portia, mostly because they're princes and on her social level. This is why they're both tempted to chose the silver casket, labeled "Who chooseth me shall get as much as he deserves".
Morocco doesn't, but Arragon does—they both get sent home, and Portia marries the far poorer Bassanio instead. Many lines are devoted to describing Portia's beautiful long blonde hair, which makes her seem exotic and desirable contrasted with the black-haired Italian beauties around her. She is however too cunning and sharp to qualify for Hair of Gold, Heart of Gold.
Shylock demanded one pound of Antonio's flesh, and compounds this trope by insisting that he is under no obligation to provide a doctor to stem Antonio's bleeding as "it is not in the bond".
It is arguably this insistence on following the bond to the absolute letter that inspires Portia to, while posing as a judge, inform him that he is entitled only to that one pound, no more or less, and only to Antonio's flesh—no blood can be spilled, otherwise the deal is void.
Launcelot Gobbo is very similar, in name and nature, to Launce from Shakespeare's earlier play, Two Gentlemen of Verona. This could be an Actor Allusionas the two Launces were almost certainly played by the same comic actor, Will Kemp. Antonio gets an epic one, directly after Portia asks, "You, merchant, have you anything to say? Launcelot ends up playing this, despite it being nowhere in his job description.
His opinion on the matter seems mixed. Why, I am sure, if he forfeit, thou wilt not take his flesh: To bait fish withal. He's the most sensible of them and a voice of reason when he's not being an ass to Shylock. He drives both the plots and tends to be a little self-absorbed.
He's known for not censoring his emotions and desires. A major theme of the main plot and in sub-plots. Exactly who is the friend and who is the lover gets a little confusing. During the trial scene, Bassanio and Gratiano swear that, if they could save Antonio's life, they would give up everything, even their new wives. Little do they know that their wives are standing right there. Later, Bassanio refuses to give away his wife's ring. It's nicely tied up when Portia refuses to give Bassanio back his ring until Antonio talks her into it.
In the subplot, there seems to be a bit of tension going on between Lancelot and Lorenzo as to which of them gets to spend time with Jessica. All of Portia's suitors, the Italian Bassanio excepted.Lancelot Gobbo Monologue - Merchant Of Venice
She and Nerissa spend most of their first scene mocking the suitors with stereotypical criticisms of their nationalities. The first three acts are a mix of drama and comedy split almost evenly between the Portia and Shylock plots, while the fourth act is straight drama despite some snarking from Portia and Nerissa and the fifth act is almost farcical.
An uncharitable reading of Bassanio, who, while he later seems genuinely besotted with Portia, initially spends a lot longer extolling her money's virtues than hers. He introduces his plan to woo her as "How to get clear of all the debts I owe.
Launcelot's comedic moral struggle, in which he parodies morality plays of the time. In the end, he sides with the devil.
Got Me Doing It: Portia's servant and friend Nerissa adopts many of her mistress' traits, including her sharp wit, her adventurousness Shylock is a Trope Codifier in the western tradition. Within the play, Shylock is framed as a grudge-holding Loan Shark by other characters, but it's clear that he hates Antonio because the latter is an open anti-semite who abused him even when Shylock did nothing to him.
A lot of the exposition falls to Salarino and Solanio, who commentate on the action and interview other characters. At one point Launcelot reads his palm and discovers that he's going to have fifteen wives.
He feels cheated; he wanted at least twenty. Part of Shylock's punishment is a forced conversion to Christianity, but it's hard to take his apparent compliance at face value. These days the Royal Shakespeare Company in Stratford-upon-Avon itself portrays them as being in a romantic relationship, with Portia's full consent and approval. Hoist by His Own Petard: It's Shylock's insistence on claiming his bond no matter what and to the letter that leads to his undoing when Portia puts impossible conditions on him claiming it—when he attempts to back down and just take his money, Portia points out that he has already repeatedly refused the money in open court and may only have his "justice".
When he gives up on that, Portia then uses his plan to accuse him of attempted murder. A contract that gives you the right to murder another person is not enforceable by law. This was true in Elizabethan times as well—though of course, the play is set in Venice the codes of theater forbade representation of the Elizabethan court system and other institutions. Gratiano is sometimes portrayed this way. At any rate, he's the most animated of the male cast. At the play's end Shylock has lost, in short order, his daughter, his fortune, his property, and his religion.
When Launcelot suggests that Jessica's best hope of avoiding damnation is that she was born out of wedlock, Lorenzo rebukes Launcelot for having an affair with a Moorish woman: Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo. Launcelot and I are out. He tells me flatly there is no mercy for me in heaven because I am a Jew's daughter; and he says you are no good member of the Commonwealth, for in converting Jews to Christians you raise the price of pork.
I shall answer that better to the Commonwealth than you can the getting up of the Negro's belly. The Moor is with child by you, Launcelot. It is much that the Moor should be more than reason; but if she be less than an honest woman, she is more than I took her for. Solario and Salarino are all over this: But it is true, without any slips of prolixity, or crossing the plain highway of talk, that the good Antonio, the honest Antonio—oh, that I had a word good enough to keep his name company— Salarino: Come, the full stop.
Whenever Launcelot says something like "To be brief Not to mention that he criticizes his dad for not being "honest"—which means both "honest" in the modern sense of the word and the line happens right before he runs into his dad and starts lying to him or "honest" in the secondary Elizabethan sense of "chaste" which he clearly isn't, either—he later criticizes the girl he got pregnant for not being honest.
I Gave My Word: Shylock claims he swore a solemn oath that he'd have Antonio's heart in revenge for the wrongs done him as his justification for refusing even several times the money he is owed. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven. Shall I lay perjury upon my soul? No, not for Venice. Bassanio comes from a noble family, but he has frittered away all his money and quite a bit more borrowed from Antonio and now needs to borrow more money to woo Portia, so that he can marry her and use his fortune to pay his debts.
The Merchant of Venice (Theatre) - TV Tropes
It is much that the Moor should be more than reason, but if she be less than an honest woman, she is indeed more than I took her for. How every fool can play upon the word! Shylock is very easy to portray this way, though it's not really clear if it was intentional. Launcelot uses this a lot. After the trial gets underway, Shylock refuses reimbursement from Bassanio, reminding Venice of its unchangeable laws of precedent.
Judge Balthasar Portia in disguise decides that Shylock is entitled to the one pound of flesh, but no blood can be shed and it cannot be even the smallest part higher or lower than exactly one pound or he forfeits his lands and goods. Afterwards, the court finds that because he sought Antonio's life, one half of Shylock's money will be awarded to Antonio and the other half will go to pay the Venetian treasury.
Antonio urges the court to allow Shylock to keep half of his fortune, with the other half to be granted to Lorenzo and Jessica as a trust fund.
In addition, Shylock must convert from Judaism to Christianity. Gratiano starts jubilantly quoting Shylock after the tables turn in the court scene. A Daniel still say I, a second Daniel! I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. Since he's the Audience Surrogate and not really playing by the rules of drama, this quickly turns into an Overly Long Gag.
Launcelot Gobbo, who may become a literal jester during the course of the play. Either way, he tells Jessica that she's "damned" and complains that converting Jews will raise the price of pork.
Nobody seems to him too seriously. Gratiano, when the tables are turned and Antonio gets to decide Shylock's fate. Nothing else, for God's sake! Bassanio is referred to once as Antonio's "kinsman" which could denote any distant family relationship in the first scene. Such a relationship is never mentioned again, and some scholars believe it to have been a mistake, especially since Bassanio and Antonio are necessarily of different classes.
Shylock [to Launcelot, in a conversation alternating between him and Jessica]: Well, thou shalt see, thy eyes shall be the judge, The difference of old Shylock and Bassanio— [to Jessica] What, Jessica! Why, Jessica, I say!
Later in the same scene, he hopes that Launcelot will become such a burden, that he would end up ruining Bassanio: The patch is kind enough, but a huge feeder, Small slow in profit, and he sleeps by day More than the wildcat. Drones hive not with me, Therefore I part with him, and and part with him To one that I would have him help to waste his borrowed purse. Already an established trope that Shakespeare is riffing on.
In a bit of a Memetic Mutationthe term "Shylock" is now synonymous with loan sharks. Shylock alludes to his dead wife Leah. It implies he still loves her. Portia and Nerissa vow never to go to bed with their husbands until they see the rings. Of course, they're the ones who took the rings. I will have my bond Nerissa is the Maid to Portia's Maiden. They both even go undercover together as men and keep the same dynamic. Nerissa is also officially Portia's waiting maid. Both the Gobbos constantly use the wrong words.
Mama's Baby, Papa's Maybe: Launcelot argues that Jessica might not be her father's child but that, hey, she's damned either way.
Lorenzo has it bad, although he and all the other guys seem to regard Jessica's lovable qualities as existing in spite of her Jewishness. Meaningful Name Portia is the "port" towards which many merchant-like princes venture in an attempt to claim the "goods", her money and herself.
However in this scene, Shylock is instructing Jessica to shut up the house and stay indoors. This shows his fatherly concern towards her as they were living in an extremely anti-Semitic society. They were excluded from guilds, meaning they could not practice a certain trade and that less and less occupations were available to them. A reason why this play was set in Venice was because if it were set in Britain, it would have much too politically sensitive.
This scene makes us have sympathy towards Jessica and makes us realize that it is not just anti-Semitism that makes Shylock so unpleasant. The relationship between Shylock and Jessica ends tragically. Jessica runs away with Lorenzo and steals money and sentimental jewellery. Shylock feels betrayed, not just because his daughter ran away and stole his possessions, but because she ran away with a Christian.
Shylock had made his feelings towards Christians clear in the scene with Antonio. In Act 3 Scene 1, Shylock delivers one of the most famous monologues that Shakespeare has written. Hath not a Jew organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions? He was so consumed by greed and hate that his feelings towards others spilled out towards his daughter. Later on, he discovers that Jessica has run away. It becomes clear that he valued his wealth almost more than he valued his own daughter.
Fled with a Christian! O my Christian ducats! My ducats and my daughter! Would she were hearsed at my foot, and the ducats in her coffin! In those times, a servant was not supposed to leave his master as it was considered betrayal.
This also shows the hatred towards Shylock, even from somebody of a lower status than him. He does not recognize his son when he meets him on the street, but he is nearly blind.