Nefertiti - HISTORY
Nefertiti and akhenaten couples tattoo Tatuagem Nefertiti, Nefertiti Tattoo, Meaningful Tattoos – Cute couple tattoo idea Every king needs his queen . The second son of Pharaoh Amenhotep III, Akhenaten (originally Amenhotep IV) . close relationship, early artistic depictions of Akhenaten and Nefertiti portray. In Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and their children blessed by the Aten (Figure 4), This emphasis on family relations was intended to show the ruler of Egypt as more.
But then so too were Pharaoh Akhenaton and Queen Nefertiti. So the Genesis description of them was not wrong - just confusing and deliberately so. Note also that Adam and Eve were famed for being innocently naked in their idyllic Garden; but when they were eventually banished from this Garden they became embarrassed by their nakedness and were forced to cover up. This, I believe, is another direct allusion to the famous royal couple from Amarna. Yes, Akhenaton and Nefertiti did indeed float through their beautiful palaces at Amarna in a state of near nakedness, and scene after scene portrays the royal couple in either see-though diaphanous robes or being completely naked.
And this probably did cause a bit of a stir in the Egyptian 'media' - the gossiping in the market squares. Think what a media storm would erupt today, if Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh were photographed strolling naked through the gardens at Buckingham Palace! However, when Amarna was destroyed and the royal couple were forced to flee from their palace there is no evidence for their deaths therethey would have been forced out into the big wide world of sailors, artisans and farmers.
Their usual nakedness, which seemed so respectable and befitting within the confines of the royal court at Amarna, would have looked positively indecent in a rural village or town. There was nothing else to do, except cover up! Tower of Babel The topic that inspired this article was actually the Tower of Babel, not the Genesis story, so how does this novel information about Eden effect the famous tower of many languages?
Well, the story thus far is one with a distinctly Egyptian flavour, and so if we travel with the descendants of Adam and Eve Akhenaton and Nefertiti northwards from Amarna, we arrive at the land of Shiniar, the 'land of two rivers' where the Tower of Babel was built. The pharaoh Amenhotep IV not only changed his name from Amenhotep to Akhenaten, and the religion of ancient Egypt from polytheistic to monotheistic, but he also challenged the norm of Egyptian society by depicting his reign in a vastly different way from the rulers who came before him.
Previous to Akhenaten's rise to the throne, Egyptian art was stagnant, focused heavily on permanence both of the object and of the subject most pertinently, the pharaoh itself.
Relief portrait of Akhenaten in the typical Amarna period style. This was intended to aid in the solidification of the singular god Aten, as well as to separate the reign of Akhenaten from his predecessors. What Akhenaten chose, however, for the artistic community was drastically different from what had once been. Naturalistic physical features, familial affection, and the singular god Aten replaced the unrealistic human proportions, rigidity, and god-given leadership images of the past.
Before Akhenaten's time, the pharaoh in particular was routinely depicted with wide, broad shoulders, a strong body, and an emotionless, ageless face Figure 1.
Always the standard royal headdress and false beard were depicted, and the posture appeared to be rigid and immovable—as though the pharaoh himself was immovable from the throne.
Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt - Akhenaten
Each image was similarly crafted despite the age of the pharaoh, and forged in permanent mediums to endure throughout the ages. These attributes spoke to the pharaoh's strength as a ruler and the longevity of his reign, and of Egypt. Seated Statue of Hatshepsut, 18 th Dynasty, ca. New Kingdom Egyptian, from Western Thebes. Akhenaten, however, introduced a much more ambiguous form that broke away from the traditions of the past Figure 2.
Akhenaten and Nefertiti
The portrayal of his body was feminine in nature, making it so that he looked quite androgynous—both masculine and feminine. His torso became slim with hips seemingly wide enough for birthing, and his neck, face, and fingers were elongated. In the stately temple at Akhetaten, made beautiful by sculptor and painter, and strewn daily with bright and perfumed flowers, Akhenaten continued to adore Aten with all the abandon and sustaining faith of a cloistered medieval monk.
No sacrifices were offered up in his temple, the flowers and fruits of the earth were laid on the altars. Hard things are often said about Akhenaten. Dark stories spread about his personal life. We must recognize that he was a profoundly serious man with a great mission, a high-souled prophet if an impractical Pharaoh. While the empire suffered some small losses during his rule, Akhenaten did not neglect his kingly duties to the extent that has often been portrayed.
Yet, he believed he had higher responsibilities. He stood for culture and universal brotherhood, and his message to mankind is a vital thing which survives to us from Egypt, amidst the relics of the past. Akhenaten believed in the "one and only god", Aten, whose power was manifested in the beneficent Sun.
The great deity was Father of all mankind, provided for their needs and fixed the length of their days. Aten was revealed in beauty, and his worshipers were required to live beautiful lives--the cultured mind abhorred all that was evil, and sought after "the things which are most excellent".
Akhenaten promoted the idea of universal brotherhood, and dreamed and strived for a beautiful world pervaded by universal peace. Although Aten was a Sun god, he was not the material Sun - he was the First Cause manifested by the Sun, "from which all things came, and from which ever issued forth the life-giving and life-sustaining influence symbolized by rays ending in hands that support and nourish human beings".
How much Akhenaten understood we cannot say, but he had certainly bounded forward in his views and symbolism to a position which we cannot logically improve upon at the present day. No rag of superstition or of falsity can be found clinging to this new worship evolved out of the old Aton of Heliopolis, the sole lord or Adon of the Universe". Aten is the solar disk and Shu is the air god, the source of "the air of life".
Shu is also associated with the Sun. Shu as the atmosphere is manifested by lightning and fire as well as by tempest. Shu is thus not only "air which is in the Sun", but also, according to Akhenaton's religion, "heat which is in Aten".
The development of Aten religion may have been advanced by Yuaa, Queen Tiy's father Akhenaten's grandfatherduring the reign of Amenhotep III, when it appears to have been introduced in Thebian Court circles, but it reached its ultimate splendour as a result of the philosophical teachings of the young genius Akhenaten.
Royal couple from Amarna. Photograph by Andreas Praefcke, CreativeCommons When Akhenaten and his queen Nefertiti were depicted worshiping Aten, the rays which stretched out from the sun and ended in hands not only supported their bodies but pressed towards their nostrils and lips the "ankh", the symbol of life. The air of life was the Sun-heated air; life was warmth and breath. Why the "ankh" touched the lips is clearly indicated in the great hymn. When the child is born, Aten: The marked difference between the various Egyptian and mideastern gods and the god of Akhenaten is that Aten was not the chief of a pantheon of gods, he was the one and only god.
Several in the family have somewhat long heads, the trait became an artistic convention in Amarna. There is no known connection to the cone-headed skulls found in Peru. Photograph by Miguel Cuesta, CreativeCommons.
- Akhenaten: Egyptian Pharaoh, Nefertiti's Husband, Tut's Father
- Eden in Egypt – Part 2
- The Art of Amarna: Akhenaten and his life under the Sun
Akhenaten's hymn to Aten The chief source of our knowledge of Akhenaten's religion is his great hymn, one of the finest surviving versions was found in the tomb of a royal official at el-Amarna. Akhenaton's hymn to Aten is believed to have been his own composition. Its beauty is indicated in the following extracts from Prof. When thou risest in the eastern horizon of heaven, Thou fillest every land with thy beauty.
When thou settest in the western horizon of heaven, The world is in darkness like the dead. Bright is the earth when thou risest in the horizon, When thou shinest as Aten by day. The darkness is banished, when thou sendest forth thy rays. How manifold are all thy works, They are hidden from before us, O thou sole god, whose powers no other possesseth, Thou didst create the earth according to thy desire While thou wast alone.
The world is in thy hand, Even as thou hast made them. When thou hast risen, they live. When thou settest, they die. For thou art duration, beyond thy mere limbs. By thee man liveth, And their eyes look upon thy beauty, Until thou settest.