BBC - iWonder - Queen Victoria: The woman who redefined Britain’s monarchy
Queen Victoria restored the reputation of the British monarchy tarnished by the The relationship was a passionate one and Victoria often lost her temper with her new . Her son and heir Edward VII and her grandson Emperor Wilhelm II of. George V was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May until his death in Born during the reign of his grandmother Queen Victoria, George was third in . In contrast to Edward himself, whom Queen Victoria had deliberately excluded from state affairs, George was. From the tsars of Russia to the kaisers of Germany, Queen Victoria met Her personal and political relations were on a closer footing with some than with others. . of indomitable courage, unflinching firmness of purpose, self-reliance, her eldest son and heir, his 'Uncle Bertie' (later King Edward VII).
John Neale Dalton was appointed as their tutor in Neither Albert Victor nor George excelled intellectually. In on a visit to Japan, George had a local artist tattoo a blue and red dragon on his arm,  and was received in an audience by the Emperor Meiji ; George and his brother presented Empress Haruko with two wallabies from Australia.
He travelled the world, visiting many areas of the British Empire. From then on, his naval rank was largely honorary.
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- Queen Victoria: The woman who redefined Britain’s monarchy
There, he grew close to and fell in love with his uncle's daughter, Princess Marie. His grandmother, father and uncle all approved the match, but the mothers—the Princess of Wales and the Duchess of Edinburgh —opposed it.
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She resented the fact that, as the wife of a younger son of the British sovereign, she had to yield precedence to George's mother, the Princess of Wales, whose father had been a minor German prince before being called unexpectedly to the throne of Denmark.
Guided by her mother, Marie refused George when he proposed to her. She married Ferdinandthe future King of Romaniain George had only just recovered from a serious illness himself, after being confined to bed for six weeks with typhoid feverthe disease that was thought to have killed his grandfather Prince Albert.
Throughout their lives, they remained devoted to each other. George was, on his own admission, unable to express his feelings easily in speech, but they often exchanged loving letters and notes of endearment.
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His official biographer, Harold Nicolsonlater despaired of George's time as Duke of York, writing: Randolph Churchill claimed that George was a strict father, to the extent that his children were terrified of him, and that George had remarked to the Earl of Derby: At the request of his father, "out of respect for poor dear Uncle Sasha's memory", George joined his parents in St Petersburg for the funeral.
George presented thousands of specially designed South African War medals to colonial troops. In South Africa, the royal party met civic leaders, African leaders, and Boer prisoners, and was greeted by elaborate decorations, expensive gifts, and fireworks displays. Despite this, not all residents responded favourably to the tour. Many white Cape Afrikaners resented the display and expense, the war having weakened their capacity to reconcile their Afrikaner-Dutch culture with their status as British subjects.
Critics in the English-language press decried the enormous cost at a time when families faced severe hardship. The implicit goal was to advertise New Zealand's attractiveness to tourists and potential immigrants, while avoiding news of growing social tensions, by focusing the attention of the British press on a land few knew about.[Queen Victoria’s Kin] King Edward VII & Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom with Their Children
In contrast to Edward himself, whom Queen Victoria had deliberately excluded from state affairs, George was given wide access to state documents by his father. He wrote in his diary, I have lost my best friend and the best of fathers I never had a [cross] word with him in my life.
The men, women, children, country and houses are all black I just now see an extraordinary building flaming with fire. Victoria's first journal entry, a train near Birmingham, 2 August 20 June Victoria becomes Queen Victoria is welcomed into the City of London for the first time as Queen. Victoria succeeded her uncle William IV, just weeks after her 18th birthday. Her first request was an hour alone, something denied to her until then.
Victoria moved to Buckingham Palace making it her official royal residence in London. She began exerting her will by exiling her mother to live in distant rooms. She also banned John Conroy the courtier who made her childhood miserable — from her state apartments. The young Queen was charmed by her first prime minister, Lord Melbourne, who was both fatherly and admiring.
Lord Conyngham then acquainted me that my poor Uncle, the King, was no more… and consequently that I am Queen. A crowd ofgathered on the streets of London to catch a glimpse of the Queen on her Coronation Day. She was crowned in Westminster Abbey. She wore robes of white satin and red velvet. The five-hour ceremony was a little chaotic as the Dean of Westminster, who had presided over previous coronations, was ill.
Victoria was handed the orb at the wrong moment and the Archbishop of Canterbury forced a ring on the wrong finger, which took her an hour to remove. The Crown being placed on my head… a most beautiful impressive moment; all the Peers and Peeresses put on their Coronets at the same instant. The Queen made some unwise choices early in her reign as she allowed her emotions to sway her judgement. Victoria believed false pregnancy allegations against her popular lady-in-waiting Lady Flora Hastings, and was booed by the public.
She was also engulfed in a political crisis when the Whig government fell and Lord Melbourne resigned. Tory politician Robert Peel agreed to become prime minister provided Victoria replaced some of her Whig ladies-in-waiting with Tory ones. She refused and reappointed Lord Melbourne. I was very young then and perhaps I should act differently if it was all to be done again.
As head of state she had to propose to him. The couple were married the following year. Victoria wore a large white wedding dress and had a tiered wedding cake. This started a new tradition among brides who in the past had worn their Sunday best to the ceremony.
The relationship was a passionate one and Victoria often lost her temper with her new husband. Albert took on the role of 'moral tutor' to Victoria, which irritated her but meant she relied more heavily on him. He was so kind, so affectionate; oh! Journal entry, 15 October 10 June Victoria survives an assassination attempt A lithograph depicting the first assassination attempt on Victoria. The Queen — who often rode in an open carriage — was the target of eight attempts to kill or assault her during her lifetime.
In the first attempt a teenager called Edward Oxford fired at her as she was out driving with Albert near Buckingham Palace. Edward always strove to be discreet, but this did not prevent society gossip or press speculation. It was rumoured that Camilla's grandmother, Sonia Keppel, was fathered by Edward, but she was "almost certainly" the daughter of George Keppelwhom she resembled.
Ultimately, he did not do so but Edward was called as a witness in the case in early Although nothing further was proven and Edward denied he had committed adultery, the suggestion of impropriety was damaging. While staying at Londesborough Lodge, near Scarborough, North YorkshireEdward contracted typhoidthe disease that was believed to have killed his father.
There was great national concern, and one of his fellow guests Lord Chesterfield died. Edward's recovery was greeted with almost universal relief. Edward cultivated politicians from all parties, including republicans, as his friends, and thereby largely dissipated any residual feelings against him.
His advisors remarked on his habit of treating all people the same, regardless of their social station or colour. In letters home, he complained of the treatment of the native Indians by the British officials: Deep in an international crisis, Salisbury informed the Prince that it had been a dark morning, and that "my mind must have been occupied by some subject of less importance.
He opened the college in with the words, "Class can no longer stand apart from class I claim for music that it produces that union of feeling which I much desire to promote. He ordered all the clocks at Sandringham to run half an hour ahead to provide more daylight time for shooting. By the s the future king had taken a keen interest in horseracing and steeplechasing. Tsar Nicholas II leftEmpress Alexandra and baby Grand Duchess Olga NikolaevnaIn Edward was embroiled in the royal baccarat scandalwhen it was revealed he had played an illegal card game for money the previous year.
The Prince was forced to appear as a witness in court for a second time when one of the participants unsuccessfully sued his fellow players for slander after being accused of cheating. The friendship between the two men was irreversibly damaged, and their bitterness would last for the remainder of their lives.
Just a few weeks later, in earlyAlbert Victor died of pneumonia.
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Edward told Queen Victoria, "[I would] have given my life for him, as I put no value on mine". Inhis youngest son, Alexander John, had died just 24 hours after being born. Edward had insisted on placing Alexander John in a coffin personally with "the tears rolling down his cheeks". Sipido, though obviously guilty, was acquitted by a Belgian court because he was underage. However, in the next ten years, Edward's affability and popularity, as well as his use of family connections, assisted Britain in building European alliances.
Priestley recalled, "I was only a child when he succeeded Victoria inbut I can testify to his extraordinary popularity. He was in fact the most popular king England had known since the earlier s.
However, two days before, on 24 June, he was diagnosed with appendicitis. Treves was honoured with a baronetcy which the King had arranged before the operation  and appendix surgery entered the medical mainstream.