Relationship of physics to technology and society

Physics, Technology and Society: the basic NCERT Concept

relationship of physics to technology and society

Application of physics in society is not directly perceived but associated technology is used in large scale. The connection between physics. Physics in relation to science, society and technology Technology has also a very important part in a society. People reach another level. Broadly speaking, physics and technology both constitute science. Physics is the heart and technology is the body of science. The application.

  • Physics, Technology and Society

This makes understanding of physics more compulsory for the development of the society. How Physics, Technology, and Society are related? The term physics, technology, and science are interrelated terms.

What is the relation between physics and technology? - CBSE Class 11 Physics - Learn CBSE Forum

The connection between science, technology, and science can be understood through following examples: Thermodynamics- branch of science which deals with energy and matter, came into existence when people felt the need to understand and improve the efficiency of engines.

Study of thermodynamics helped in inventions like vehicles, new engines, refrigerators, blowers etc. The invention of steam engine is responsible for the Industrial Revolution in England and had affected human civilizations Existing physics help in framing new technology and sometimes discover new physics concepts. For example, the wireless technology is framed through concepts of current, electricity and magnetism given in the 18th century The silicon chip is credit worthy for computer revolution for the last three decades.

This was possible with the advancement of semiconductors and basic electronics, which are sub-branches of Physics The applications of physics in real life become tough when certain experimental conditions are not maintained during the experiment. Earlier great physicist Ernest Rutherford failed to extract energy from atoms, but later on, in the yeartwo physicists Hahn and Meitner attained a process through which neutron of Uranium atom can be induced with its fission.

This induced-neutron phenomenon is used in nuclear plants to produce nuclear energy and supply nuclear weapons. Physics and Energy Resources Alternate energy resource saving is the area where physics contributes the most. Alternate energy resource saving involves proper utilization of resources.

Physics, Technology and Society: the basic NCERT Concept

Proper utilization of resources is done through several agendas and programs like Sustainable Development, Recycling etc. Invention of Steam engine has played a major role in industrial revolution which took place in 18th century and had a great impact on human course of civilisation.

His work on calculus predates Newton and Leibniz.

relationship of physics to technology and society

He was perhaps the first to tell about the gravitational laws and concepts of calculus. He was the disciple of Brahmagupta and proceeded on his work. He discovered the law of inertia which was later known as the first law of Newton. He also contributed in the field of Astronomy. He has given a new turn in the method of applying Science. He also invented gaseous thermometer. The names of his main books are The Principia Mathematica and Opticks.

The principles Newton proposed was a turning point in the history of Science, one equation could explain falling apple on earth and motion of planets. Kepler was also one of his assistants.

relationship of physics to technology and society

And he took 16 years of long time to approach those 3 laws. He was the first who told what happens when light enters into telescope. And that's why he is known as the establisher of Geometric Optics.

Inhe was appointed as the 'curator of experiments' in newly established 'Royal Society'. He designed Gragorian Reflecting Telescope. He did a lot of research in Astronomy. He was the first to use the word cell the biological term.

Physics in relation to society and technology

He is best u known for his discovery of the law of elasticity among Physicists. He invented the catapult. He also invented the system made with the combination of pulleys and carriers for controlling heavy luggages. He also proposed his concept of buoyant force. He learnt medical science also.

His famous work was in the field of fluid mechanics. He is known as the establisher of Mathematical Physics. Lord Kelvin William Thomson: He was one of the British scientists of 19th century.

He played a major role in the development of the concept of energy conservation earlier posed by James Joule, Mayer and Helmholtz. He proposed the concept of Absolute Temperature. On the basis of the work done by Carnot and Kelvin, he reached till the assumption of entropy.

relationship of physics to technology and society

Clausius also worked in the field of KTG kinetic theory of gases. He also gave a theory related to colour blindness.

Class 11 Physics Physical World

We will discuss it deeply later but the statement is All the gases of same volume contain equal number of molecules at same temperature and pressure.