Shavuot And Pentecost: What’s The Connection? – The Forward
In addition to the name Shavuot, the feast of Pentecost contains several other Hebrew names which are The connection with Shavuot?. Shavuot (Pentecost) is the second major festival amongst the three On this day of Shavuot we should also celebrate and remember our marriage to El Shaddai. . preserved her faith, she showed his letters to him declaring her eternal trust”. Shavuot or Shovuos in Ashkenazi usage; Shavuʿoth in Sephardi and Mizrahi Hebrew (Hebrew: שָׁבוּעוֹת , lit. "Weeks"), is known as the Feast of Weeks in English and as Pentecost .. bride (the nation of Israel) to the chuppah (Mount Sinai) to marry the bridegroom (God); the ketubah (marriage contract) was the Torah.
Pharaoh, of course, did not heed Moses' appeal to set the people of Israel free from their slavery, and the stage was then set for the showdown between the God of Israel and the gods of Egypt. After repeated demonstrations of the glory and power of the LORD, God told Moses that He would bring a final and terrible plague that would cause Pharaoh to relent and let the people go. All the firstborn sons in the land would be killed -- except for those who observed what God called the Passover.
On the afternoon of Nisan 14 erev Pesacha family member was to slaughter the lamb called korban pesach and smear some of its blood on all three sides of the doorframe, top, right and left. The lamb was then to be roasted and eaten with unleavened bread i. This meal was to be consumed "in haste" since the Israelites would begin their exodus the following morning Nisan The LORD further required that only matzah was to be eaten for a week after the Passover meal from Nisanperhaps to recall the haste in which they left Egypt.
At midnight on Nisan 15 the LORD killed all the firstborn males of those who did not put the blood of the lamb upon their doorposts the Jews who trusted in the LORD were "passed over" pasach from the angel of death. Pharaoh and most of Egypt arose in the middle of the night, lamented the loss of their children, and begged the Israelites to leave Egypt.
The great Exodus from Egypt finally began! After exactly years in Egypt Ex. As soon as the Jews left Egypt, a fiery Pillar of Cloud appeared before them, leading them from Rameses to Succoth and then southward toward the desert Ex.
But Pharaoh and his army soon realized that the Jews were never coming back and decided to pursue and enslave them once again Ex. Six days later, on Nisan 21, the Israelites were trapped with the Egyptian army behind them and the Sea of Reeds before them.
The Pillar of Cloud moved behind the Israelites and stood between them and the Egyptians. Moses then stretched out his staff before the sea and it miraculously parted so that the Jews could walk through. When the Jews had fully crossed over, the Egyptians tried to follow after them, but Moses again stretched out his staff and the waters caved in on them so that the pursuing army was drowned. Three days later, on Nisan 24, the people came to Marah, where the water was bitter. Moses threw some wood in the waters and they became mayim chayim - sweet water good for drinking Ex.
A month later, the Jews complained that they were out of food, but God sent manna to feed them Ex. Interestingly, the amount of manna collected each day was called an omer. Later still, the Jews began to settle at Rephidim, near Mount Sinai, but again there was no water.
Moses was commanded to take the elders to a rock at Sinai and strike it with his staff to miraculously bring forth water Ex. While the Jews were camped in Rephidim, the Amalekites descendants of Esau suddenly attacked them. Israel won the battle, but God commanded them to never forget their adversaries Ex.
After 45 days in the desert, on the new moon of Sivan, the Jews reached the desert of Sinai and camped near the very mountain where Moses was first commissioned Ex. During the previous weeks the Jews had become more and more conscious of the LORD and therefore more and more readied to receive instruction Torah from Him before entering the Promised Land. Moses ascended the mountain, and there God commanded him to tell the leaders that if they would obey the LORD and keep His covenant, then they would be the LORD's "kingdom of priests" and "holy nation.
Moses then returned to the mountain and was told to command the people to sanctify themselves before the LORD descended upon the mountain in three days.
The people were to abstain from worldly comforts and not so much as touch under penalty of death the boundaries of the mountain. On Shabbat morning of the sixth of Sivan, exactly seven weeks after the Exodus, all the children of Israel gathered at the foot of Mount Sinai, where the LORD descended amidst thunder, lightning, billowing smoke, fire, and the voluminous blast of the shofar. The sound of a shofar grew louder and louder until terror gripped the heart of the people.
The people then stood far off, while Moses alone drew near to the thick darkness where God was. As mediator of the covenant, Moses later reported to the Israelites all the words of the LORD and the people responded in unison, kol hadevarim asher diber Adonai na'eseh: He took the sacrificial blood from the offerings, threw half upon the altar, and read the covenant to the people.
The people ratified the covenant with the words kol asher diber Adonai na'aseh v'nishma "all that the LORD says we will do and obey". Upon hearing their ratification, Moses took the other half of the sacrificial blood and threw it on the people saying, "Behold the blood of the covenant that the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words.
It was there that the elders beheld the awesome glory of Elohei Yisrael the God of Israelunder whose feet was "a pavement of sapphires, like the very heaven for clearness" Ex. After returning from the mountain with the elders, the LORD commanded Moses to go back up to receive luchot ha'even the tablets of stone inscribed with the Ten Commandments Ex. He remained on the mountain for a total of 40 days and 40 nights learning Torah while the Israelites waited for him at the camp down below Ex.
Midrashrim about the Tablets According to Jewish midrash, the tablets of stone were made of blue sapphire as a symbol of the heavens and God's throne, written by the "finger of God" Exod. The Hebrew letters were said to be bored fully through the stone Exod. Moreover, even though the letters were bored fully through the stone, both sides appeared normally that is, the "back" of the tablet looked identical to the front - Shabbos a.
Another midrash says that the tablets "carried their own weight," enabling Moses to carry them down the mountain. Another well-known Jewish midrash says that the LORD initially offered the Torah to each of the 70 nations, but none accepted it without first asking what it was about. After hearing the various commandments, each nation had some excuse or another for not accepting it for example, God offered Torah to the Ishmaelites, but they declined the offer because of its prohibition of theft, since their trading practices required it.
God finally turned to the nation of Israel, who said kol asher diber Adonai na'aseh "all that the LORD says we will do". Note something remarkable here: Unlike the other nations, Israel chose Torah before knowing its contents: In fact, even after Moses had explained the extent of Torah's demands, all Israel said kol asher diber Adonai na'aseh ve'nishma "all that the LORD says we will do and obey" Exod.
In the final book of Torah, Moses reviewed the history and the laws given to the Jews and reminded them to faithfully observe Passover Deut. You shall count seven weeks. Begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain.
Exactly seven weeks after the first harvest of barley is the celebration of Shavuot "weeks"one of the three pilgrimage holidays where Jews would come to the mishkan and later the Temple to present the firstfruits of their spring crops before the LORD. Since Shavuot occurs on the 50th day after Passover, the Greek translators of the Torah called this day "Pentecost.
Why Do Some Christians Observe Shavuot?
Wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives, and dates Deut. As soon as a Jewish farmer saw the first sign of ripening fruit in his field or orchard, he would tie a string or ribbon around it and designate it as bikkurim.
- What is Pentecost, and what does it have to do with Shavuot?
- What Is Shavuot, the Feast of Weeks or Pentecost?
Later he would pick this fruit, put it in a basket woven of gold and silver the poor used wicker baskets of peeled willow branches and set off for the mishkan or later to the Temple in Jerusalem for the festival of Shavuot.
Since it was a pilgrimage festival, a large procession of other Jews would be carrying their baskets on the road, singing songs of joyful praise. They would place their baskets on oxen adorned with garlands of flowers in a grand parade to Jerusalem!
This period will culminate with the battle of Armageddon at which time Yeshua the Messiah will return to earth as the Conquering King to defeat his enemies, marry his bride—the righteous saints—and will rule the earth with a rod of iron for years.
At this time, Satan will be bound and cast into the bottomless pit.
The Feast of Tabernacles or Booths Sukkot This fall harvest festival symbolizes the time when many people will submit to the rulership of Yeshua and will find their salvation in him during the year-long millennium. Because this is a time of great rejoicing, a great feast occurs.
King Yeshua will have put down all of his enemies the beast, the false prophet and all those who are of the spirit of Antichrist, along with Satan and all else who have opposed YHVH Elohim. At this time, Yeshua will marry his bride—redeemed Torah-keeping Israelite believers—and the marriage feast of the Lamb will occur.
YHVH commans his people to celebrate Sukkot for seven days. It is a picture of the year reign of King Yeshua on earth called the Messianic Age or Millennium from his headquarters in Jerusalem. This will be a time of relative peace on earth. We find this time period described in Revelation 21 and Scripture does not give many details about eternity, but just enough to whet our appetites and inspire our hopes to press onward, and to be overcomers with Yeshua so that we may be participants in his glorious and everlasting kingdom.
There is a lot here and it forms a very rich picture. Who but the unsearchable and all-wise mind of our Creator could have created such a wondrous plan of redemption? According to the first-century Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus, the concept of counting fifty was expressed by the Jews of that day by the Hebrew word Asartha Ant.
The 19th century Jewish scholar S. The spring harvest consisted of the smaller barley harvest, which began during the Days of Unleavened Bread, and the much larger wheat harvest occurring fifty days later at Shavuot. Both the barley and wheat harvests were prophetic pictures symbolizing new life and new creation, and both were presented to YHVH by the priests for his acceptance—a sheaf of barley on Firstfruits Day on the Sunday during Hag HaMatzot the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Lev This was a prophetic picture of Yeshua who upon his resurrection Saturday evening, and subsequent ascension to heaven later on the first day of the week to be accepted by the Father John Literally, Yeshua was the first to resurrect from the dead, and can thus be called the first of the first fruits of the resurrection from the dead.
Fifty days later Pentecost occurred when the priests offered to YHVH the two loaves of leavened bread made of wheat from the first fruits of the larger of the two spring harvests. We are at the close of that time period now as the end of the age draws near. The Feast of Pentecost in Acts chapter two ushered in this time period with the harvest of thousands of people Acts 2: It must be inserted here that an even larger harvest of people for the kingdom of YHVH is yet to occur during the fall feast days, which corresponds with the largest harvest of the entire year—the fall fruit harvest.
This spiritual harvest will occur just prior to and after the return of Yeshua as an innumerable multitude of people come to faith in Yeshua out of the great tribulation Rev 7: At Passover time, the barley Exod 9: Fifty days later at Pentecost, the larger wheat crop was ready for harvest Exod Barley and wheat were the two main grain crops of Israel Deut 8: In the late summer, the larger harvest of fruits and vegetables occurred.
Passover, Pentecost and the Feast of Tabernacles. The success of these three harvests was contingent upon the arrival of the fall early or former rains and the latter rains of the spring upon the land of Israel. In biblical and Jewish thought, these rains are prophetic of an outpouring of the Spirit of Elohim upon the earth John 7: Here are some examples: Several scriptures speak of this mighty outpouring of the Spirit of Elohim, which will occur prior to and after the second coming of Yeshua the Messiah Joel 2: The Three Pilgrimage Festivals Shavuot is one of three pilgrimage or aliyah feasts when the Israelites were commanded to go up to the place wherever YHVH had chosen to place his name Exod Originally, that place corresponded to where the Tabernacle of Moses and later the Temple of Solomon were located.
Since the temple was built in Jerusalem, that city become the physical and permanent destination for the people of Elohim to fulfill this spiritual obligations.
Three times each year YHVH commanded his people to go Jerusalem—on the feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread in the early spring, fifty days later on the Feast of Pentecost in the late spring, and then several months later at the end of the summer for the Feast of Tabernacles and the Eighth Day.
In time, the prophets of Israel realized that physical Jerusalem would become the destination for all the people of the nations during the Millennium Messianic Age, Zech YHVH reveals in his Torah several things that his people are to do pertaining to the three aliyah festivals.
They are to bring their tithes and love offerings to this place Exod Finally, they were to have a solemn assembly Deut The imminent Jewish sage of nineteenth century, Samson Raphael Hirsch, as to why we separate ourselves from the world during these three feast days, said in his commentary on Deuteronomy Hear and obey the word of Elohim and be blessed!
They are divine appointments between the Creator of the Universe and his called-out ones. These days are the embodiment of the gospel the good news message of the coming marriage between Yeshua and his bride and the establishment of his kingdom upon this earth in a full and universal sense! We show our belief, faith, love, anticipation and obedience to him by walking them out. It is to deprive oneself of the joys of communing with the Set-Apart Kadosh One of Israel in this special and set-apart way.
It is to disregard and treat as common and profane the consecrated times that YHVH established for him and his people to come together. It is to disregard the covenants, the national constitution and marriage agreement between YHVH and his people—redeemed Israelite believers who have been grafted in to the olive tree of Israel through a relationship with Yeshua, the Messiah, the Anointed Sent One of Israel Rom To do this is to violate his commandments, which is sin 1 John 3: It is all about love.
Man has been on this earth for more than years walking in sin and rebellion against the Torah instructions and commandments of YHVH. But soon, the Messiah will come to establish his kingdom upon this earth ruling from Jerusalem for years the Messianic Age. King Messiah Yeshua is coming again soon. He is calling his bride, that is you and me, to prepare herself for the marriage supper of the Lamb.
Are you a child, by faith, of this great man of faith Gal 3: Will you hear the cry of the Consecrated One of Israel, blessed be his name, to come out of Babylon for a season, to separate yourself from this world and its anti-Messiah and anti-Torah system and keep his feast days in holiness and righteousness out of love for your Bridegroom, Yeshua, and out of love for your fellow redeemed believers, the spiritual body of Yeshua?
Yeshua the Messiah is the Word of Elohim made flesh John 1: Finally, in the tabernacle itself we find the table of showbread containing twelve loaves of bread representing the tribes of Israel.
What Is Shavuot, the Feast of Weeks or Pentecost? - Shavuot NW Shavuot NW
But all this bread has one thing in common: Leavening in Scripture almost always represents sin 1 Cor 5: Yet, interestingly enough, on the day of Pentecost YHVH instructed the Levites to make two loaves of leavened wheat bread from the new wheat crop and offer them up to him. The two loaves of leavened bread were offered in conjunction with seven lambs, one bull and two rams as a burnt offering in addition to a goat as a sin offering and two lambs as a peace offering.
Normally a peace offering was a private matter. The two loaves of bread were to be waved before YHVH in conjunction with the two lambs of the peace offering Lev Who is the Lamb of Elohim?
Yeshua the Messiah is that Lamb John 1: But why two lambs? It is because he offered himself up as a sin offering for both the Jews and the people of the nations. We will discuss this more later. All must come to the Father through him and there is salvation through no other one than Yeshua the Messiah John Contrariwise, the leavened bread waved with the meat that was offered on the altar of sacrifice see Lev YHVH in his grace does not expect people to come to him in a sin-free state.
He loved us while we were still sinners Rom 5: But a new believer is not expected to stay spiritually leavened. The spiritual refining process begins in the outer court of the tabernacle and by the time YHVH is finished with his people they will be totally unleavened abiding in his presence in the inner court of the sanctuary of his tabernacle representing deep spiritual intimacy and communion.
But why are there two loaves of leavened bread?
What is Pentecost, and what does it have to do with Shavuot? | Deseret News
Wootten points out that the Bible speaks of these two sudivisions of the twelve tribes of Israel using other prophetic metaphors as well: Wootten explains it this way: The Word of Elohim, the Bible, is divided into two parts: These are the two loaves of bread.
Both of these covenants were prophesied to be for the whole house of Israel Jer They are his two chosen families Jer We need to work to bring forth only that which is of the finest flours from our divided family.
We need to leave the leaven behind. Let us eat of the latter day bread of Shavuot! Let us bring in from our dwelling places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, let them be of very fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to YHVH Lev There are two loaves of bread. What is the significance behind the number two? The number two corresponds with bet, the second letter in the Hebrew alphabet, which pictographically represents a house. According to Munk, the house home is the focal point of holiness on earth and additionally pictures the spiritual house, sanctuary or set-apart temple of YHVH, and to man, who himself is to become a miniature temple.
There is a blessing in duality when opposites work together e. Alfred Edersheim notes that these two loaves of leavened bread were actually public thank offerings that the ancient Israelites offered up to YHVH. The fact that they were leavened speaks of the imperfection and sin of those making the offerings The Temple: Its Ministry and Services, p. The Giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai on Shavuot Not of secondary importance to what we have already discussed regarding important things that occurred on Shavuot, was the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai that occurred on this day as well.
The Torah was the basis of that covenant, or the marriage vows, if you will, to which Israel swore allegiance. YHVH gave his people the words of life to live by, but because of the hardness of their hearts they were not able to be faithful to his Torah. Though the Israelites had violated the vows they made to YHVH at Mount Sinai, he revealed to the ancient Hebrew prophets that he would eventually formulate a second renewed covenant with Israel, and this time he would pour out upon them his Spirit and write his Torah-laws in their hearts Jer As a seal or pledge of this betrothal, he promised to send to his disciples the Comforter or Set-Apart Spirt John Each received the fire of his Spirit Act 2: In this, YHVH fulfilled his promise to give his people a heart of flesh to replace their heart of stone, thus empowering or enabling them to keep his Torah-commandments Heb 8: In other words, Yeshua, the Living Torah-instructions of YHVH, came to take up residence within the very hearts and minds of redeemed believers through the indwelling and empowering presence of his Set-Apart Spirit.
In so doing, Yeshua is living out or fulfilling his Torah from within each redeemed Israelite believer even as he himself lived out or fulfilled the Torah-Word of YHVH when he walked this earth. We can enter into this same renewed covenant with Yeshua who is the Living Torah and our heavenly Bridegroom when we do as the Apostle Paul says in Romans After confessing him, repenting of our sins, we must then be baptized and be prayed over to receive the Spirit of Elohim Acts 2: Then one must continue to walk steadfastly in the truth of the gospel message, stay in fellowship with like-minded believers, and maintain a personal relationship with YHVH through personal devotional prayer Acts 2: This is all part of the wonderful plan of salvation or redemption that YHVH laid out thousands of years ago to bring people into a life-giving relationship with himself through his instructions in righteousness—the Torah.
As a result of the empowerment of the Spirit of Elohim, we see Peter being transformed from a spiritual mouse compare John The immersion or saturation in the Sprit or Ruach is for the purpose of being empowered with supernatural gifts and enablements the gifts of the Ruach, see 1 Cor 12 in order to be equipped to go out into the harvest field of human souls spiritually empowered and ready to bring in the spiritual harvest of souls.
On the day of Pentecost, YHVH wrote the Torah into the hearts of the redeemed believers by the Ruach, and then supernaturally empowered them to take both the message of Torah—the light of his truth—coupled with the good news of the Redeemer, Messiah Yeshua—the Living Torah word of Elohim—to a lost and dying world.
This is the fundamental message and purpose of Shavuot in the Book of Acts. In Jewish thought, they are referred to as the first, last and great or final shofar blasts.
These three blasts have historical and prophetic significance: This shofar blast was of heavenly origin and is the first time the Bible records the sound of the shofar being heard. The Last Trump or shofar blast occurs on Yom Teruah Feast of Trumpets, commonly called Rosh Hoshana is the day of the awakening blast calling the saints to prepare their spiritual garments in preparation for the coming Messiah or Bridegroom.
This shofar blast corresponds to the last trumpet blast of Revelation At this time, it seems likely that he will destroy Babylon the Great with its new world order religious, political and economic system Rev Rev 18 just before the establishment of his millennial kingdom Rev Historically on the Day of Atonement, the jubilee trumpet sounded in Israel on the fiftieth year.
At this time, the captives were set free, debts were forgiven and all land was returned to its original owners. Matthew says that Messiah will return with a great sound of a shofar trumpet, Matt Perhaps this is a reference to the shofar ha-gadol when Yeshua returns to earth, will set the spiritual captives free from enslavement to the enslaving economic, religious and political tentacles of end time Babylon the Great.
Genesis 22 and the Three Trumpets The first and last trumpets relate to the two horns of the ram caught in the thicket on Mount Moriah. The ram represents Yeshua the Sacrificial Lamb. The thicket represents human sinfulness. Humanity is entangled in the thicket of sin from which it needs to be freed.
Yeshua the Messiah is the Lamb or ram slain from the foundation of the world Rev After all, the Scriptures say that the sins of man were laid upon Yeshua Isa