Removal of mistrust in Nepal-India relations - Asia Times
Nepal-India relations are, in essence, much more than the sum of treaties and agreements concluded between the two countries. The frequent high level visits. There's no denying that India and Nepal share a special relationship, the hallmark of which are an open border, Nepali citizens being free to. The Republic of India and the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal initiated their relationship . During the December visit to India by Nepalese prime minister Girija Prasad Koirala, the two countries signed new, separate trade and .
India tacitly supported Madhesi protests at the border, crippling essential supplies. This generated a backlash in Kathmandu and the hills.
Is it the end of India’s special relationship with Nepal?
India developed cold feet and eventually lost out on all ends. It earned the hostility of hill communities; and it could not deliver to Madhesis and get the constitution overhauled. Delhi tried to block his electoral alliance with the Maoists; it tried to block their election victory; and it tried to stop the announcement of the merger of the two communist parties.
It failed on all ends. Second, a geopolitical alignment is underway. China was getting aggressive in precisely this period.
It had stepped up economic investment and trade linkages. Once the summit was over, there was a hue and cry from several quarters in Nepal including the main opposition party as well as some members of the ruling party which ultimately led the government to scale down its participation.
BIMSTEC was created with the fundamental objective of enhancing cooperation for economic development among its member states rather than having political or strategic objectives Nepal conducts bilateral military exercises with India, China and the United States at specified intervals.
BIMSTEC was created with the fundamental objective of enhancing cooperation for economic development among its member states rather than having political or strategic objectives.A Common Nepali - Do Nepalese People Hate India & Indians?
At the same time, the portrayal of the exercise by certain leaders and media in Nepal as a move to build a military alliance at the initiation of India is also an extreme observation.
Although India did not convey its displeasure officially, it can be inferred that it must surely have expressed dissatisfaction at the decision unofficially through its concerned channels. In any case, Nepal will never be a part of any military alliance as it is contrary to the principles of non-alignment, which is one of the fundamental features of its foreign policy.
The controversy should be addressed before there are diplomatic tensions between the two nations. The third event was related to the intra-party political dynamics of Nepal and its relationship with the external political environment.
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It has always been speculated that Prachanda and Oli had some sort of undisclosed understanding for party unification and power-sharing prior to the parliamentary elections held at the end of Prachanda, who met a wide range of high-ranking leaders and officials including Modi during his visit, seems to have used this opportunity of being received in New Delhi as a tool to bargain with Oli in the quest to control the internal political dynamics of their party. Nepal has attained political stability after decades of problems and a strong government with a broad mandate has been formed.
Time has come to effect a revolutionary change in bilateral relations. On behalf of the new government, I assure you that we are committed to make a fresh start.
The citizenship bill passed by the Nepalese parliament in was the same bill that was rejected by Late King Birendra in  before he along with his entire family was massacred. Indian government formally expressed sorrow at the death of Late King Birendra of Nepal.
InIndo-Nepal ties got a further boost with an agreement to resume water talks after a 4-year hiatus. The two issued a point statement highlighting the need to review, adjust and update the Treaty of Peace and Friendshipamongst other agreements.
Has Narendra Modi’s visit put India-Nepal relations back on firm footing? - Livemint
In return, Nepal will take measures for the "promotion of investor friendly, enabling business environment to encourage Indian investments in Nepal. Furthermore, a three-tier mechanism at the level of ministerial, secretary and technical levels will be built to push forward discussions on the development of water resources between the two sides. Indian External affairs minister Pranab Mukherjee promised the Nepali Prime Minister Prachanda that he would "extend all possible help for peace and development.
Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi visited Nepal in Augustmarking the first official visit by an Indian prime minister in 17 years. During his visit, Indian government agreed to provide Nepal with USD 1 billion as concessional line of credit for various development purposes and a HIT formula, but he insisted that Indian immigrants in Nepal don't pose a threat to Nepal's sovereignty and therefore open border between Nepal and India should be a bridge and not a barrier.
The two-day-long International Buddhist conference in Kathmandu which ran from May 19—20, marked Vesak and the 2,th birthday of the Buddha was also used to promote the Buddha's birthplace which lies in modern-day Nepal. Oli told the media that the conference, "should help us make clear to the world that Buddha was born in Nepal and that Buddhist philosophy is the product of Nepal".
Indian troops had previously prevented Nepal from completing a culvert in the disputed area which ultimately led to protests. It was considered rare for India to retaliate with gunfire. Nepal claims that the river to the west of Kalapani is the main Kali river hence the area should belong to Nepal. The river borders the Nepalese zone of Mahakali and the Indian state of Uttarakhand. Subsequent maps drawn by British surveyors show the source of the boundary river at different places.
This discrepancy in locating the source of the river led to boundary disputes between India and Nepal, with each country producing maps supporting their own claims. Indian government, however, from onward, forwarded the argument that border should be based on the ridge lines of the mountain Om Parvat.
The dispute intensified in as the Nepali parliament considered a treaty on hydro-electric development of the river. India and Nepal differ as to which stream constitutes the source of the river.