Hinduism, marriage and mental illness
According to Hindus, therefore, the basis for marriage is friendship. There is absolutely no question about the role of a woman, her importance, her In most Hindu wedding ceremonies, the greatest height is reached when a particular event. According to Hinduism, marriage between two souls is a very sacred affair that In the Hindu temple rituals, gods are married ritually to their divine consorts by is upholding of the social order and the Hindu dharma, while its ultimate aim is. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top In our religion the man-wife relationship is not concerned with the mundane alone. The purpose of marriage in our religion is to purify the husband . The word 'superseding' should be understood as divorce according to present social conditions.
puranas - Remarriage in Sanātana Dharma - Hinduism Stack Exchange
Your partner should feel your care and concern, your respect and admiration. An open acceptance of the other is needed, and there should be no reservations. If she has the right attitude, the family life will become peaceful. If both the husband and wife are obstinate and unyielding in nature, both should try to correct each other by cultivating and developing patience and forgiveness in themselves.
Always try to recognise and admire the good qualities in each other. Whatever your weaknesses may be, they should remain a secret between the two of you. You should work out your problems together with a positive attitude, without provoking or hurting each other with accusations. First of all, we should become aware of our own weaknesses, because this is the best way to remove them. When you are pointing out a weakness, do so lovingly and with every intention of eradicating it in a positive way from your lives.
These weaknesses are blocks that prevent you from expressing yourselves fully. See these blocks as obstructions and learn to remove them.
It is something that should be taken seriously.
Relationships can become a path to God, a path to eternal freedom and peace, provided you have the right attitude. Strive to be adaptable. Try to be patient, not once or twice, but many times. If there are still difficulties in a relationship even after you put forth a lot of effort, you can consider it your karma, your destiny. At this point you can either endure it, accepting the difficulties as your prarabdha; or, if you find the situation too difficult to withstand anymore, maybe you can think of separation or divorce.
But before that, you must play your part well.
You must put forth effort at least to see whether the relationship can work or not. To simply let it fall apart is an unpardonable mistake. It is a sin and you will have to suffer for it.
Do not make the wife and children suffer unnecessarily. If their characters are not good, do not dissipate your energy worrying about them. Worrying is not a solution for any problem; it will only make things worse.
When we worry, our power of discrimination becomes weak, and then even insignificant problems seem overwhelming. We should pray for God to give our family right thinking, and we should consider their association with us as the fruit of our past actions. We will not be miserable if we spend our time in Godly pursuits instead of worrying about our wife and children.
Is it possible for us to guide them along the right path? We do not have the power to hear sounds which are beyond a certain range. We also do not have the power to see beyond a certain distance.
We are bound by limitations. What can we do?
I have no power to do anything. I have nothing to say. O Lord, kindly protect us.
They, as well as ourselves, will be ruined. In due course, owing to our prayers, God will guide them through the right path. If the husband is the one who is creating the problems, then the wife should have the aforesaid attitude.
The better outcome could be because it was an out-patient sample with lesser degree of impairments. At the end of 10 years, however, there were no significant difference in the outcome. Being married before the onset of illness, presence of children, a shorter duration of illness at inclusion and the presence of auditory hallucinations at intake were all associated with a good marital outcome.
Being unemployed, experiencing a drop in socioeconomic level and the presence of flat affect and self-neglect for 10 years were all associated a poor marital outcome. The ratio of male: A greater number of female patients were in the category of patients who had been untreated for a long-time. The main reason attributed for these findings was the low-priority is given to the mental-health of women compared to men.
The fact that women generally are presented at a later age with schizophrenia raises issues about the losses these women sustain with regard to established relationships, careers and children. All except eight lived with their parents. Twenty children were taken care of by the patients themselves or their parents. Only six children were cared by the husbands.
Lack of awareness and the widespread belief that marriage is a panacea for all evils prompted some parents to get their daughters married even when they were symptomatic. Several needs were expressed for the separated women including to simplify the legal measures.
It is noteworthy that women with severe mental illness are discriminated in a big way. While wives are more tolerant, husbands are not and many of the marriages women with the mental illness end sooner or later.
Women in Hinduism
The women with severe mental illness are ostracized on three accounts. The observations of other workers are in the same line. From the analysis of records of outpatients of the Institute of Mental Health at Chennai,[ 1 ] it emerged that majority of treatment seekers were males 3: Domestic violence and mental illness Domestic violence means violence that occurs within the family.
Domestic violence is considered as one of the burning social problem of the present day in India. The married women with major mental illness form an extremely vulnerable population at high-risk for various forms of abuse. The incidents of wife battering, harassment by husband and in-laws, dowry deaths, suicides, kitchen accidents occur on a large scale.
Many cases go unreported. The victims are unable to raise their voice, nor protect against violence. In the past, it was mainly hidden behind the four walls of the house. Those within did not wish to speak about it. Those outside did not want to hear it. Social practices, customs, beliefs, myths, and patriarchy are the important causative factors for domestic violence in India. It has emerged as a risk factor for poor mental health.
This age-old practice continues to survive and has been a significant factor that has driven many women to suicide. Risk-factors for domestic violence include alcoholic husbands, illiterate or poorly educated couple, poor socioeconomic status, women with no income of their own, and dowry problems. It is very important to identify and treat domestic violence in those with mental illness.
In half of all murders committed by domestic partners, serious mental illness contributes to the risk. The mental health problems related to domestic violence are varying in nature. Many women accept it as normal in India and suffer in silence.
A few react with physical aggression. The psychological symptoms emerge as subsyndromal or diagnosable disorders. It provides for more effective protection of the rights of women in a domestic relationship, guaranteed under the Constitution who are victims of violence of any kind.
Harassment by way of unlawful dowry demands to the woman or her relatives is also covered under this definition. This act has the following important features: The respondent has to be an adult male.
It appreciates that the marital relation is a delicate, personal and private relationship. It appreciates the fact that victim of domestic violence is often unprivileged in many ways. It provides various reliefs such as a protection, residence, maintenance monetary reliefcustody and compensation orders and emergency help. It provides necessary help in lodging the report.
It provides free legal aid to the woman. It assumes that the woman would always safeguard the relationship. It adopts a reconciliatory approach. It empowers the woman. Criminal proceedings would be initiated only when the woman requests for the same. It is a double-edged weapon. It should be used to protect women, not to take revenge on men. Despite the presence of severe mental illness parents are determined to marry their mentally sick daughters. Besides, most boys prefer arranged marriages because they fetch good dowry.
The woman with mental illness, who is ill-treated and abandoned by her husband and in-laws, seeks restitution of conjugal rights rather than divorce. Interesting observations were made in South India. Similar observation was made by Sharma and Tripathi[ 31 ] in Northern India, where the separated women continued to put vermillion on their heads.
The Dowry Prohibition Act[ 7 ] sometimes promotes dowry rather than curbing it. A handsome dowry glamorizes the marriage proposal, so as to distract the other party from the deficiencies in the daughter.
- Hindu Philosophy of Marriage
- Hinduism, marriage and mental illness
- Marriage in Hinduism
After marriage, when marital problems arise because of mental illness in the woman, gifts are offered to pacify the husband and his relatives. The paradoxical situations cited above can be understood in light of the prevailing deep rooted social value systems relating to marriage in India. It also provides for four matrimonial reliefs: Nullity of marriage, judicial separation, divorce, and restitution of conjugal rights.
The legal provisions are often violated in the marriages of patients with mental illness because of the strong impact of Indian culture. They are mentioned below: Remarriages of husbands and wives, separated because of mental illness take place without formal divorce. In a series of marriages of married women with mental illness from Varanasi at a tertiary care hospital, it was observed that Only one second marriage of the patient was solemnized after divorce, the remaining took place without divorce from previous marriages.
However, because of social approval they continued. However, 13 of the husbands were remarried. In five marriages mental illness was present in both wives and their husbands at the time of marriage. Consent to marriage is often by proxy, force or fraud. In the series from Varanasi[ 32 ] proper consent was present in only 14 marriages. Consent by fraud by concealment of past history of psychiatric partially or fully of the women with mental illness was present in Besides, five wives and two husbands with mental illness were coerced into marriage.
Dowry Prohibition Act[ 7 ] is often abused in the setting of mental illness. Very often parents paid a substantial dowry at the time of marriage. Sometimes these cases landed up in courts, leading to animosity and worsening the mental disorder. In these petitions the usual plea from the woman's side that she is normal and the husband has rejected the woman because he is greedy and wants more dowry.
Only in four cases, a one-time meager amount as maintenance was given. Concealment of history of mental illness during marriage is rather common in the Indian community. Often it is a no-win situation. When the truth is discovered there is a lot of animosity, the marriage often breaks or there are petitions for nullity of marriage under Section 12 of HMA.
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Delhi Law House; The Dowry Prohibition Act with rules, 8. Dowry death IPC B. Universal Publishing Co Pvt Ltd; Behere PB, Tiwari K. Effect of marriage on pre-existing psychotic illnesses in males.
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Risk factors for completed suicides: A case-control study from Bangalore, India. Inj Control Saf Promot. Poisoning deaths in married women. J Clin Forensic Med.