and find homework help for other Wuthering Heights questions at eNotes. Heathcliff elopes with Isabella to hurt Edgar and to avenge himself against. Isabella Linton, of Thrushcross Grange, is the sister of Edgar Linton; the man who will become Catherine Earnshaw's husband, much to Heathcliff's chagrin. The Wuthering Heights characters covered include: Heathcliff, Catherine, Edgar Hareton Earnshaw, Linton Heathcliff, Hindley Earnshaw, Isabella Linton, Mr.
What Catherine says and does not say reveals telling and compelling information about her character.
But while she is being open and honest with Heathcliff, not once does she say she regrets marrying Edgar. After rambling for a while, Catherine begs forgiveness, but Heathcliff cannot or will not give it. Perhaps this lack of forgiveness is what haunts him: The memory that he did not fully forgive her on her deathbed may be the worst of all the terrible things he has done in his life.
Farbetter that she should be dead, then lingering a burden and amisery-maker to all about her. Heathcliff is now the master of Wuthering Heights, and he does not forget his mistreatment at the hands of Hindley. Hindley and his son Hareton are treated as, if not worse, than servants.
Heathcliff and Catherine fall back into a pattern of emotionally torturing each other. This had happened between Heathcliff and Isabella. Isabella did not really know Heathcliff when she married him, but after she had married him she saw that Heathcliff was not a gentleman at all. If so, is he mad? And if not, is he a devil? Her letter to Nelly narrates the events that have transpired from the time she eloped. Isabella questions if Heathcliff is really a man and suggests that he may be incarnate evil.
She realizes marrying him was a mistake but also realizes she cannot atone for her error. Another example of this is when Catherine married Edgar Linton.
Although she had been happy at the beginning of the marriage, she thought having parties all the time was going to be fun. Yet, after a while she became bored. She also realized that she loved Heathcliff more than Edgar and would always love Heathcliff.
An additional marriage which was made that was doomed was the one between Catherine and Linton. Because this was a forced marriage, Cathy had not yet learned all she could about Linton. Because she did not know until after the marriage that Linton was selfish and inconsiderate, she became distressed and grew isolated in the house. These three failed marriages described in this novel show that knowing the person you will marry is very important. Edgar pays tribute to his wife by naming their daughter Catherine.
Isabella manages to escape from Heathcliff. After several years, Isabella contacts her brother Edgar and reveals that she and Heathcliff have a son named Linton. She was pregnant when she escaped, and Heathcliff has no knowledge that he has a son. Isabella extracts a promise from Edgar that Heathcliff will never find about their son and that Edgar will watch over Linton after she dies. Heathcliff has not ceased in his quest for revenge, and he discovers that if Linton were to marry Catherine, then Heathcliff would gain control of Thrushcross Grange.
Catherine endures a miserable life at Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff hates her because she reminds him so much of her mother. Linton dies soon after their marriage, leaving Heathcliff in control of Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. Heathcliff treats Catherine a little better than a servant, but that remains her station at Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff continues to lose his tenuous grip on sanity, finally becoming completely mad, searching for Catherine.
Not there — not in heaven — not perished — where? Be with me always — take any form — drive me mad!
Only do not leave me in this abyss, where I cannot find you! I cannot live without my life! I cannot live without my soul! This reflects the recurring theme of ghosts and haunting, which will torment Heathcliff for the rest of his life. Twenty years later, Mr. The readers can now link this to the beginning of the story when Mr. Lockwood stays in the haunted room. In winter the frost is always there before it comes to us; and deep into summer I have found snow under that black hollow on the north-east side!
Later, the young Catherine will encounter the young Linton in the moors and learn about Wuthering Heights. The change in the mind and body of Heathcliff is visible. He says to Mrs. I thought, once, I would have stayed there, when I saw her face again — it is hers yet-he had hard work to stir me; but he said it would change, if the air blew on it, and so I struck one side of the coffin loose, and covered it up: Heathcliff, being open and revealing with his feelings, is becoming madder and weak.
He observes that for the first time in the family that young Catherine and Hareton are progressing. Catherine treats Hareton nicely, and Hareton learns to read, while they are both becoming fond of each other. If Heathcliff is in a shadow at the present, he is suggesting that the haunting will end in the future. Those two, who have left the room. Chapter XXXIII, pg, Heathcliff dies and finally joins his beloved Catherine and finds peace, gaining in death the things that were denied to him in life.
Edgar suffers two losses in this chapter — the death of his wife and the birth of a non-heir. This is not to suggest that Edgar does not love Cathy; he adores her, and she is his world. He just hates the fact that his rival may end up with his property. He is clearly devastated by the death of his one true love, and although Heathcliff has done dastardly deeds throughout the text, most readers tend to sympathize with him and the loss he is feeling.
Edgar is devastated too, but by burying Catherine near her beloved moors, Edgar demonstrates both the depth of his love for his wife as well as insight into understanding her character. He wants Catherine to be happy and at peace, and this is one final gesture he can give to show his love. The jealousy, neglect and unprepared nature of the many relationships in novel have gone sour.
In spite of all these destructive elements one relationship may succeed. This is the one between Cathy and Hearten. Because there is no more jealousy or neglect and they are getting to know each other, their relationship has a good chance of succeeding. All the other failed relationships in this novel containing the elements; jealousy, neglect, and ignorance concerning the nature of your companion; one can conclude that these elements will destroy any relationships.
Nelly does not witness the wedding, but Cathy and Linton do indeed get married. Her choice of words is suggestive since there is so much preoccupation with his racial background. Coming from Liverpool, Heathcliff very likely is of mixed race. Some critics have suggested that he is black or Arabic? Heathcliff can be a real beast, which comes across through his numerous threats, violent acts, and symbolic association with that unruly pack of dogs.
In some ways he is the supreme depraved Gothic villain, but his emotional complexity and the depth of his motivations and reactions make him much more than that.
Isabella Linton - Wikipedia
Heathcliff often falls back on violence as a means of expression, both of love and hate. Having been beaten on by Hindley for most of his childhood. Heathcliff is the classic victim turned perpetrator.
Whether he is capable of sympathy for anyone but Catharine is highly questionable. I have no pity! The more the wormswrithe, the more I yearn to crush out their entrails!
He treats his son Linton no better. Though Heathcliff expresses and often enacts violence against just about everyone in the two houses, he would never hurt Catherine. However, his love for her is violent in the sense that it is extremely passionate and stirs a brutal defensiveness.
Importantly, by the end of the novel Heathcliff admits to Nelly that he no longer has any interest in violence. As he tells her: An absurd termination to my violent exertions? I get levers and mattocks to demolish the two houses, and train myself to be capable of working like Hercules, and when everything is ready, and in my power, I find the will to lift a slate off either roof has vanished!
My old enemies have beaten me; now would be the precise time to revenge myself on their representatives: I could do it; and none could hinder me. But where is the use? This question raises another; what kind of love or feelings is Bronte depicting? Heathcliff repeatedly calls Catherine his soul. Such a love is not necessarily fortunate or happy.
Day Lewis, Heathcliff and Catherine represent the essential isolation of the soul, the agony of two souls or rather two halves of single soul-forever struggling to unite. Clifford Collins calls their love a life-force relationship, a principle that is not conditioned by anything but it. It is a principle because the relationship is of an ideal nature; it does not exist in life, though as in many statements of an ideal.
This principle has implications of a profound living significance. This fact explains why Catherine and Heathcliff several times describe their love in impersonal terms. Such feelings cannot be fulfilled in an actual relationship. Bronte provides the relationship of Hearten and Cathy to integrate the principle into everyday life.
Dark Side of Love in Wuthering Heights
Their love is an attempt to break the boundaries of self and to fuse with another to transcend the inherent separateness of the human condition; fusion with another will by uniting two incomplete individuals create a whole and achieve new sense of identity, a complete unified identity. Freud explained this urge as an inherent part of love: Love has become a religion in Wuthering Heights providing a shield against the fear of death and the annihilation of personal identity or consciousness.
They cannot be happy without one another. Their relationship is intimate but not sexual. Catherine cannot love Heathcliff because he is of a lower class than her. Edgar and Catherine are in a relationship which results in marriage.
Catherine loves Edgar but only because he loves her so much. Edgar is infatuated by Catherine and loves her wholly; the love is never wholly reciprocated.
Heathcliff marries Isabella for money and class, he marries her to gain access to Thrushcross Grange. Isabella falls in love with Heathcliff as a teenager, so is obviously blinded by age and a desire to love. Heathcliff always makes sure Isabella is fully aware he is not in love with her, hence his hanging of her dog.
Hindley marries Frances while he is away at boarding school, he keeps the marriage a secret because Frances is from a lower class, and they do have a genuine love. When Hindley is with Frances he is happy and as pleasant as he could possibly be while she existed, her death eventually brought about his demise. They were both immature and cruel, which suited one another. They never truly love each other and Linton eventually dies.
Which gave her higher social esteem and more money, with this power she gained she aimed to use to further Heathcliff and take him out of the control of her brother. Hindley and Frances married each other for love and their own personal satisfaction. Frances got to escape to a better way of life and Edgar got what he wanted from her.
Gypsies, who were thought to have come from Egypt, were objects of discrimination, partly because their traveling lifestyle made them people without a nation or land like Heathcliff, and partly because they just looked so different from the typical Anglo Saxon. In nineteenth-century novels, gypsies often steal children. They are never the hero or anti-hero of the novel. So Bronte really mixes up our expectations here.
Heathcliff did not consider Wuthering Heights as his home and therefore tried to escape it. This can be seen as an analogy to the nature of Gypsies.
The first time he ran away from the manor was when he and Catherine visited the grounds of Thrushgross Grange, another manor in their neighbourhood. More significant, though is the second occasion when Heathcliff ran away from Wuthering Heights and Catherine in order to eventually return a rich man. This marked the turning point I the story. Other occasions strengthening this argument are his sleeping out of doors after his return to Wuthering Heights a rich man and staying outdoors previously to his death.
It is not just a love story; it is a window into the human soul, where one sees the loss, suffering self-discovery, and triumph of the characters in this novel. Catherine and Heathcliff destroy each other and everyone around them with their tortured romance.
Another story is often overlooked. Nestled inside a tale of a dark and twisted love is the true love story between two who were caught up in the aftermath and wreckage of the storm known as Heathcliff and Catherine. Frustratingly whether it was meant to bother or purely calm the nerves of Victorian readers. Yet the sexual tension and physical effect each character has upon the other is still tantalizingly apparent.
Even as children, the reader may choose to observe the hint of sexual reference to Cathy laying her head in his lap. There is also the physical behaviours of each character in response to the other. Her death triggers a disturbing outburst of violence upon himself. Cathy chooses instead to internalize her frustration by starving herself. The emotional bond between Heathcliff and Cathy is irrefutable. Heathcliff seems wholly emotionally dependent on Catherine. He relies on her for emotional stability and satisfaction.
It is perhaps for this reason that Cathy cannot ever give him enough and he can never fully receive it. Facing the adversities and oppressions of the real world, Cathy and Heathcliff transfer their relationship into the realms of the spiritual love. Their love however in nature becomes their religion, their indestructible faith.
Their belief swells out of control, one simply cannot exist without the other; both characters trust that the only way they can receive what they want from each other is through death and the afterlife.
Isabella is reduced to the status of the abused, hurt and degraded wife, and Nelly describes Heathcliff as looking like "the only one decent" in the household, while Isabella has seemingly lost the title of Miss Linton of Thrushcross Grange. Isabella grows to despise her vengeful, tyrannical husband. After Catherine dies, Isabella taunts Heathcliff by insisting that Cathy's death was entirely his fault. She also points out that Hindley EarnshawCatherine's brother and Heathcliff's greatest enemy, has the same eyes as her, despite Heathcliff's relentless attempts to "gouge them out".
This provokes Heathcliff to a deep and passionate anger, which results in yet another brawl between himself and Hindley. Seeing it as a chance to flee, Isabella escapes Wuthering Heights and her disastrous, terrifying marriage once and for all. She describes the occurrence thus: The back of the settle and Earnshaw's person interposed between me and him; so instead of endeavouring to reach me, he snatched a dinner-knife from the table and flung it at my head.
It struck beneath my ear, and stopped the sentence I was uttering; but, pulling it out, I sprang to the door and delivered another; which I hope went a little deeper than his missile.
The last glimpse I caught of him was a furious rush on his part, checked by the embrace of his host; and both fell locked together on the hearth. In my flight through the kitchen I bid Joseph speed to his master; I knocked over Haretonwho was hanging a litter of puppies from a chair-back in the doorway; and, blessed as a soul escaped from purgatory, I bounded, leaped, and flew down the steep road; then, quitting its windings, shot direct across the moor, rolling over banks, and wading through marshes: And far rather would I be condemned to a perpetual dwelling in the infernal regions than, even for one night, abide beneath the roof of Wuthering Heights again.
After informing Nelly of how she pursued her escape, and paying one last visit to Thrushcross Grange, her childhood home, Isabella removes somewhere "south of London", where she gives birth to Heathcliff's son, Linton, who resembles Isabella in every aspect. The two lead a peaceful life for thirteen years, although no detail is given as to their activities. Edgar visits Isabella in her final illness, where she asks him to take charge of Linton, and raise him away from his father.