Meet the Trusteeship Council - AMUN
How does the Charter meet the issue of colonialism? Then it sets up an international "trustee-ship" system to oversee any non-self-governing areas that may. The UN charter originally established the Trusteeship Council as a main organ the Trusteeship Council amended its rules of procedure, agreeing to meet only. The United Nations Trusteeship Council, one of the principal organs of . officers is to meet with the heads of other UN agencies on occasion.
The sign reads "Please release us from the bondage of your trusteeship agreement. Those dependent territories colonies and mandated territories were to be placed under the international trusteeship system created by the United Nations Charter as a successor to the League of Nations mandate system. Ultimately, eleven territories were placed under trusteeship: Ten of the trust territories had previously been League of Nations mandates; the eleventh was Italian Somaliland.
In order to implement the provisions on the trusteeship system, the General Assembly passed resolution 64 on Dec. The Trusteeship Council held its first session in March However, the US did not make an effort to implement this proposal, which became moot with the declaration of the State of Israel. Under the Charter, the Trusteeship Council was to consist of an equal number of United Nations Member States administering trust territories and non-administering states. Thus, the Council was to consist of 1 all U.Testimonials from AGB's National Conference on Trusteeship
Over time, as trust territories attained independence, the size and workload of the Trusteeship Council was reduced. Britain, however, never had any intention "to make its colonists British citizens" yet saw colonies as a source of "national greatness. Britain, as did France and the U. For the same reasons, the colonial powers expanded their presence or influence in those areas of the world they considered to be strategically important.
The initial division of trusteeship mandates after World War I was largely determined by the strategic and also economic interests of the Trustee powers. The end of the Cold War thus impacted on the end of the trusteeship system when Palaua major U. The Cold War and the decolonization process shared the same time period and were integrally related; fears of communist regimes gaining power delayed independence in some situations.
Independence movements were sometimes funded by one of the Cold War parties; newly-independent but oppressive regimes were propped up by the Western alliance if they also happened to be anti-communist.
The United Nations and Decolonization - Trusteeship Council
A "sacred trust" The United Nations saw the task of promoting "the well-being" and "advancement" of people in non-self-governing territories as a "sacred trust.
First, it has been characterized as colonialism under a different name, a partnership between White settlers "keen to establish white supremacy" and conservative political interests in the metropole.
Many people in trust territories were "right-less tenants and migrant" labor, deprived of their own land.
In other words, if the trust territories were a large financial burden, they would probably have been set free. The second criticism is that although equipping the people of trust territories for self-determination was recognized as a "sacred trust," progress here was slow. Often, people were trained as teachers, doctors, engineers while very few were allowed an opportunity to share in governance. Mission accomplished Nonetheless, with the independence of Palauformerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, inthere are presently no trust territories, which leaves the Trusteeship Council without responsibilities.
As the colonies also gained independence, the membership of the United Nations has grown from 50 to Present status Its mission fulfilled, the Trusteeship Council suspended its operation on November 1,and although under the United Nations Charter it continues to exist on paper, its future role and even existence remains uncertain.
Meet the Trusteeship Council
The Trusteeship Council still has a President and Vice President, although the sole current duty of these officers is to meet with the heads of other UN agencies on occasion. Initially they met annually, but according to a UN press release from their session in The Council amended its rules of procedure to drop the obligation to meet annually and agreed to meet as the occasion required.
It now meets by its own decision, the decision of its President, at a request from a majority of its members, or at a request from the General Assembly or Security Council. Whittaker, writing with reference to the International Court of Justice, says that "The Trusteeship Council … has worked itself out of a job while the International Court of Justice had never held one down.
The UN itself was divided on trusteeship and colonial issues, with the General Assembly criticizing and even condemning Permanent Security Council members, who could use their veto in the Security Council itself against criticism. In at least morally overseeing the process which more than tripled the number of nation states around the world, the Trusteeship Council rarely questioned whether the nation-state model is the best way to organize the world. During the decolonization and Trusteeship periods, states more often than not acted in their own interests; self-determination was granted or withheld according to the interests of the administrating authorities.
The UN itself can only work to fulfill its mandate to end war and establish global peace and justice when nations choose to cooperate.
Humanity may need to find mechanisms to limit the sovereignty of states, or to elevate the common concerns and interests of all people over and above national self-interest, if the world is to develop into a place of health and prosperity for everyone. Future prospects The formal elimination of the Trusteeship Council would require the revision of the UN Charter, which is why it has not been pursued. Amendment has to be passed by two-thirds of the UN General Assembly and also by two-thirds of the total UN membership.