Relationship of Sociology with Other Sciences
Sociology and other social sciences have much in common. Recently According to Comte and Spencer, there is no difference whatsoever between the two. hey there,sociology is the youngest subject in social ddttrh.info study history, economics,polity etc,but where do we practice these sciences and learn,its the. and find homework help for other Social Sciences questions at eNotes. It studies the relationship that exists between human beings and their societies. People . 2 educator answers; Explain the difference between verbal and nonverbal.
Sociology not only borrows from other social sciences but also has given a lot to them by paving a new path and dimension to other social sciences. As mentioned in the beginning Sociology makes it possible to talk and inculcate various characteristics while studying about it, unlike other social sciences which aim at one particular aspect.
However, sociology could be distinguished from other social sciences related to its contents and the emphasis is given on them. There are many parallels amongst almost all fields of sciences. In order to study these parallels, one must know to what extent and on what terms do they differ.
Where political science deals with the problems of city or state in which men live; sociology focuses on the social lives and emotions related to the masses. Both are concerned with the study of the society but the opinions being subjectively different. Whichever decision the government takes it is always regulated by the society and for the society. Any law is constructed, enforced or implemented because it has something to do with the masses.
The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
Relationship between sociology and economics Categorically speaking, Economics is the study of goods and services. Not forgetting that these economic processes and changes are largely determined by the social environment itself. Economics is concerned with the material wealth of man, and depending on his wealth it is determined that where he should be placed in the society. His respect, status, and class are all results of his monetary possessions.
The relationship between Sociology and History: Everything or subject has deep roots which can only be known by studying their history. In order to know the sociology of something, it is necessary to know their history and they both are intimately related. Social institutions are in a way inherited from the past.
The transformation of Varna to Jati is an example of this reliability because of historical evidence and sources present. Jati was the outcome of societal changes. Thus according to its etymological meaning, Anthropology is the study of man as such that is a study of the development of human race. Anthropology has thus a very wide field of study.
Anthropology has been divided into three divisions: Anthropology thus devotes its attention entirely to the study of man and his culture as they developed in times long past. Sociology, on the other hand, studies the same phenomena as they exist at present. In fact the historical part of Sociology is identical with Cultural Anthropology.
Anthropology has contributed substantially to the study of Sociology. Sociology has to depend upon Anthropology to understand the present day social phenomena from our knowledge of the past. Sociology has borrowed cultural area, cultural traits, interdependent traits, cultural lag and other conceptions from social anthropology on whose basis cultural sociology has developed.
The discoveries of Linton and Kardiner have influenced sociology in no small degree. From their researches it is evident that each society has its own culture and the personality of its members is moulded according to it in their infancy.
Likewise the research done by Malinowski has proved valuable to sociology. He has given a functional view point to the study of culture.
- Relation of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
- Relationship of sociology with other social sciences
- The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
The researches of Franz Boas and Otto Kineberg have proved that there is no co-relation between anatomical characteristics and mental superiority. The concept of racial superiority has been disproved by anthropology.
Karoeber has called sociology and anthropology twin sisters. Evans Pritchard considers social anthropology to be a branch of sociology. In the same way, some of the conclusions drawn by sociologists have also helped the anthropologists. For example, anthropologists like Morgan and his followers have come to the conclusion regarding the existence of primitive communism from the conception of private property in our modern society.
It studies its political and legal problems, family organisation, religion, art, industries and occupations etc. Sociology studies only its particular aspects.
The focus of sociologist is social interaction. Secondly, Anthropology studies cultures which are small and static while Sociology studies civilizations which are vast and dynamic. Thirdly, Anthropology and Sociology are separate sciences as the former is the study of man and his culture as they developed in times long past; while the latter studies the same phenomena as they are at present.
It does not make any suggestions for the future. The fact that society is influenced by economic factors while economic processes are largely determined by the social environments clearly proves that the relation between Sociology and Economics is very intimate. Economics is defined as a study of mankind in ordinary business of life or to be more exact, it is the science of wealth in its three phases of production, distribution and consumption.
It is thus concerned with that part of individual and social action which is most closely connected with the attainment and with use of material requisites of well being. Economics, in other words, is concerned with material welfare of the human beings. But economic welfare is only a part of human welfare and it can be sought only with the proper knowledge of social laws.
Economics cannot go far ahead without the help of sociology and other social sciences. For instance, in order to solve economic problems of unemployment, poverty, business cycle or inflation an economist has to take into consideration the social phenomena existing at the particular time.
Sociology is thus of considerable help to economics in providing specific data into which economic generalisations may be fitted. Economic and social order is inextricably interwoven. Many of the problems of sociology and economics are common.Relation of Sociology with social sciences - Sociology Course
The problems of population growth, environmental pollution, slum clearance, child and family welfare, and urbanisation are as much economic as sociological which cannot be solved unless and until the social attitudes of the people are given due consideration. The theories of socialism, communism, democracy and welfare state are nothing but the theories of social reorganisation.
Economic forces play a very important role in every aspect of our social life. It is for this reason that sociologists have been concerned with economic institutions. The earliest sociologists like Spencer have included the economic activity of man in their analysis of social relationships. Sumner, Durkheim and Weber also approached the study of society through its economic institutions.
Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels had gone to the extent of asserting that economic factor was the sole motive force of the society. Since their times, economic determination Economic conditions have a determining influence over the social has found a significant place in the theories of many social scientists seeking to explain this vital phenomenon.
In spite of inter-dependence of these two sciences, as explained above they are quite distinct from each other, i the field of sociology is wider, firstly, the field of Economics is restricted only to the economic activities of man whereas Sociology is concerned with all the relationships which are not simply economic but social.
The scope of Sociology is thus much wider than that of economics; ii Sociology has a comprehensive viewpoint. But a sociologist, on the other hand, is primarily interested in the social aspects of economic activities rather than in the mechanism of production and distribution, iii Economics is much older than Sociology.
Thirdly, economics is much older a science than sociology. Though philosophers like Comte would subordinate economics to, and include it in sociology. Sociology is a science of only recent growth whereas economics has attained an advanced degree of maturity. It has been realised from ancient times that Geography has a great impact on human society, the influences of geographical conditions on human society are predominant and that there is a close relationship between physical conditions and social phonemena.
Geographical environment as defined by MacIver consists of those conditions that nature provides for man.
Relationship of Sociology with other Sciences - Reference Notes
It includes the earth surface with all its physical features and natural resources, the distribution of land and water, mountain and plains, minerals, plants and animals, the climate and all the cosmic forces, gravitational, electric, radiational that play upon the earth and affect the life of man. There is no denying the fact that there is a correspondence between physical conditions and modes of living e. One can also observe the differences between the modes and exigencies of human life in mountains, in the plains and by the seaboard, in the desert and in the forest.
Some of the thinkers have attributed a dominant role to Geography, regarding it as the primary determinant of wealth and health, the size or energy of populations, of their customs and social organisations, of their creeds and philosophies.
One of the pioneers of modern social geography was a Frenchman Le Play who in his important study of European workers had developed the thesis that locality determines work and thus has a great influence on the economic organisation of the family and this social institutions of the people.
The emphasis of Le Play and his successors upon the relationship between the characteristics of the physical environment and social development has influenced the sociologists at other places also. They have made us aware of the inter-play between climate and topography and the various aspects of the physical environment on the one side and the political and economic, technological and cultural phenomena on the other.
But we should not lay too much stress on geographical factors determining the social life in a particular region.
Relationship of Sociology with Other Sciences
It is not necessary that similar environments should produce similar cultures. We have even in primitive societies different occupations being followed by different people in the same regional setting. The geographical environments alone never explain the rise of a civilization. The growth of civilization changes and minimises the direct influence of local geographical conditions.
Many of the occupations of the modern man have no relation to the geographical environments. As the social heritage grows the immediate geographical factors would assume a less determinant role in the interpretation of society. Man has assumed great control over natural factors so that the overall influence of geographical forces is no longer overpowering.
The fact, however, remains that geography is a contributing, if not a determining, factor of human progress and, therefore, the relation between Sociology and Geography is intimate.
Ethics is the science of morality. It is concerned with the moral rightness and wrongness of human action. Ethics and Sociology are intimately related to each other. Man is a social being. He acquires moral standards notions of right and wrong as a member of a social group. In other words, it is the society which influences the mental and moral development of the individual and it is the individual who in return seeks to conform his actions to the moral standards of his social group.
Thus the real significance of moral life lies amidst a social group or in society. Sociology is primarily concerned with the study of the social groups and it investigates into all aspects of human life — economic, political, religious, moral and cultural. Ethics throws light on the moral life of the primitive individuals and institutions. This provides a background of human conduct and may thus serve a good purpose for contrasting and comparing the moral conduct of the modern life with that of the primitive man.
Further, the personal good of the individual must at the same time be in harmony with the general good of the society as a whole. It is here that both Sociology and Ethics come close to each other.
This close relationship between the two has induced some ethical thinkers to regard Ethics as a branch of Sociology. An ethics worked out upon the basis of the knowledge furnished by the sciences will make a larger use, therefore, of sociological knowledge than of any other form of scientific knowledge. Firstly, Sociology is a positive science, while Ethics is a normative science. Sociology studies institutions, customs and manners as they are or have been while Ethics looks upon them as they ought to be.
Secondly, Sociology studies men and their social relations collectively while Ethics studies men individually as moral agents of the society. Thirdly, Sociology is merely speculative and has no practical bearing on any field of social life. Ethics, on the other hand, has some practical bearing on our conduct. It seeks to formulate the rules of conduct which all people should observe.
Fourthly, Sociology employs mainly historical method in the investigation of its problems. Ethics, on the other hand, seeks to explain human conduct with reference to an end or ideal.
Finally, while Sociology is concerned- with the study of progress of social groups from the point of view of time, Ethics is concerned with the progress of society from the point of view of morality.
Sociology and Social Psychology: Social Psychology deals with mental processes of man considered as a social being. Sociology, on the other hand, studies the various kinds of groups which compose the society. Social Psychology has to depend on Sociology to understand properly human nature and behaviour as it is Sociology which provides the necessary material regarding the structure, organisation and culture of societies to which individuals belong.
They recognise the importance among other things of psychological factors in understanding the changes in social structure. The improved understanding of human behaviour will make the science of sociology more objective and realistic. Mc Dougall and Freud were of the view that whole of the social life could be reduced finally to psychological forces.
In that case Sociology would be reduced to a mere branch of Psychology. But this view cannot be accepted as the causes affecting social behaviour are other than psychological also like the economic, geographical, political etc.