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vw . Okolona Business & Professional Association Meeting April 13 his " Handicapping " for the Spring Meet at Churchill Downs. Champions Day & Dawn at the Downs AM AM First Race: PM. 2. Live Racing & Dawn at the Downs AM AM First Race: PM. WINSTON CHURCHILL, a Famous Man and a Freemason by ddttrh.info It was not by accident that the promising young Winston was introduced expressly to the Studholme Lodge number meeting . Alfred Lewis, the Senior Warden designate and signed by the Grand Secretary V W .. Spring ).
It was his prominent family that gave its name to the new Lodge and the family crest, consisting of a sword and serpent motif, is still in use today as the design for the Lodge jewel. The list of members of the Lodge from toheaded by the Master Captain A B Cook, shows an array of peers, baronets, clergy, solicitors and barristers, service officers and many belonging to the medical profession.
In the Lodge moved to London and the quality of the membership improved further. To his left is seated the Lord Chancellor with large numbers of Lords, Earls, Sirs and other titles, including Military Brethren of high rank ranging from Admiral Markham to several Colonels dispersed throughout the dinning room.
The Studholme Lodge takes pride in having had no less that 17 Provincial Grand Masters elected from its members.
WINSTON CHURCHILL Freemason
Already a keen and dedicated politician, Winston had taken his first seat in Parliament as the Conservative member for Oldham just three months earlier. He was very junior indeed in comparison to the stature of the Freemasons who had accepted him into their midst. It explains why his name is not even mentioned as a member when W Bro T W Wedding addressed the lodge with a brief history, on the occasion of its 50th anniversary in The lodge records give the date of his initiation, 24 May with his address as Mount Street, his age, incorrectly, as 26 and his occupation as a Member of Parliament.
While waiting for the ceremony I walked round and round Golden Square with Winston Churchill, another candidate Within two months, on 19 July, Winston was passed to the second degree and on 5th March he was made a full fledged Master Mason, all the three ceremonies being conducted in the Studholme Lodge. The fact is that the Studholme Lodge register of members has the name above that of Winston Churchill referring to one Geoffrey C Glyn and a further entry below that of Churchill referring to a C C Bingham.
The entry was wrongly attributed to Churchill and notwithstanding several published corrections, the error continues to be perpetrated. In line with the general decline in Masonic membership, the Studholme Lodge found itself with a reduced membership that necessitated its amalgamation in with the United Lodge No to form the United Studholme Lodge and amalgamated again in with the Alliance Lodge number to attain its present status as the Studholme Alliance Lodge retaining its original number Churchills who were Freemasons Winston will have undoubtedly been aware of the high Masonic standing of his far removed ancestor Lord Henry John Spencer-Churchill b.
A large and well kept gravestone marks his burial in the rather small and hidden away Protestant cemetery in Macau. In him we do indeed find a famous Freemason. A member of the prestigious Lodge of Antiquity No 2, he reached the peak of his Masonic career when, inthe then Deputy Grand Master, the Earl of Durham was appointed Ambassador to Russia and was compelled to resign his high Masonic rank.
He served his Province well and actively until his untimely death in His name is now immortalised in the Churchill Lodge No now number which was founded in in his honour. They were subsequently reinstated as they had been in South Africa on Her Majesty's Service, fighting at the battle of Majub, which explanation sufficed for their re-instatement but not that of several of their contemporaries.
Some ten years later another member of the Churchill family was to become a freemason in Oxford: By Winston Churchill was well on his way to political success and fame.
In July of that year he was charged, as First Lord of the Admiralty, to 'put the fleet into a state of instant and constant readiness for war, in case we were attacked by Germany. In the knowledge that he would no longer be able to take any part whatsoever, he resigned from the Studholme Lodge but continued his membership of the Craft.
On a number of separate occasions, in the coming years, his involvement in Masonic affairs was sought and he willingly participated. With it, a letter addressed to the Most Worshipful Grand Master and signed by the Master and Wardens designate, stated the reasons for the need to found a lodge in connection with the Ministry of Munitions. S and stamp dated 11 Jan This was confirmed in a letter to the petitioners dated 14th January addressed to Lieut.
Bro Allen asked that the Grand Secretary allow a deputation to meet with him and that the proposition, duly amended, maybe reconsidered. Winston Churchill, now no longer involved in the Ministry of Munitions, having been appointed Secretary of State for War and Air, was not one of the petitioners.
The men are afraid that the Grand Lodge may turn down the request as Mr Brindley is not apparently a very important Freemason, and they asked me if it would be possible for Winston to write a line to the Duke of Connaught, who is the Grand Master, to say that he thinks Mr Brindley is a very suitable man and that it will give great pleasure to the men he employs if the Lodge is given his name.
The Grand Lodge meets on Friday next when they think that the request will be considered. All the Freemasons in the Works will of course be members of this Lodge. Please be very kind and see that Winston does this Yours affectionately If you wan t more explanation do ring me up. Within two days, on 7 Novemberhe wrote to the Grand Master, the Duke of Connaught, as follows: If the proposed compliment could be allowed, it would be a source of much gratification to them, and a valuable stimulus to the increase of their output.
Firstly he joined the petitioners for the new Lodge, now to be named Ponders End Lodge aware, no doubt, that a change of name for the intended Lodge will have a far better chance of success.
The accompanying explanatory correspondence praises Mr Brindley as Manager of the works. His profession is entered as Cabinet Minister one step up from Member of Parliament. The attached slip referred to is a personally signed typewritten letter accompanying the new petition dated 10 December addressed to the Most Worshipful Grand Master.
We, the undersigned, being regularly registered Master Masons of the Lodge mentioned against our respective names are desirous of forming a new Lodge.
- The Wasting of Britain's Marshall Aid
The letter continues to recommend Brother Brindley to be the first Master. Britain actually received more than a third more Marshall Aid than West Germany This is utter myth.
Longtime Churchill Downs spokesman John Asher dies at 62 | WDKY
She in fact pocketed the largest share of any European nation. The truth is that the post-war Labour Government, advised by its resident economic pundits, freely chose not to make industrial modernisation the central theme in her use of Marshall Aid. Despite the victory over Hitler, Britain was literally bankrupt, and faced the prospect of unbridgeable balance-of-payments deficits for years to come.
It was this victor's psychology that deluded both Labour and Conservative politicians into believing that Britain - at the centre of the Commonwealth and the Sterling area - could have a future that was similar to her past.
British politicians saw the United Kingdom as a first-class power in the same league as the United States. And certainly Britain looked in many ways like a global power, with more than two million men in fleets, garrisons and air squadrons sprawled across the world, from their bases at home to those in Japan. One important figure had a different view.
Longtime Churchill Downs spokesman John Asher dies at 62
Nonetheless, John Maynard Keynes, the chief economic advisor to the new Labour Government, warned ministers in August that Britain's world role was a burden which ' Keynes wrote that such a 'Dunkirk' would have to be met by: For the new Labour Cabinet, Keynes's 'Dunkirk' solution of packing up all our 'onerous responsibilities' and becoming a second-class power was unthinkable, certainly unthought.
Thanks solely to this American tick, Britain could continue to entertain the dream of being a world power at the centre of the Commonwealth.
Even so, the war-bankrupted country was still desperately hard up. The Labour Cabinet therefore sought in the first place to reconcile the dream with economic reality by means of salami-slicing the armed forces. The result was worrying - as Herbert Morrison shrewdly judged in November Just as true today, of course. In the second place, the Labour Cabinet attempted to accommodate the costs of the world role and the expensive new welfare state by severely restricting capital investment at home.
This of course served to handicap the much-needed modernisation of Britain's obsolete industrial system, and the country's clapped-out roads, railways and telecommunications.
Top Marshall Aid The dream of Britain as a global power also included the 'invisible empire' of the Sterling Area, to which Britain chose to play the banker. This was despite the fact that her reserves of gold and dollars were well known in Whitehall to be far too scanty for this role.
By the end ofthe American dollar loan had already been largely spent, but the gulf still remained between the cost of Britain's self-inflicted global commitments and her inadequate earnings from exports. Without another huge dollar handout, Britain would have to give up all her global strategic commitments, as well as her role as the banker to the Sterling Area, and accept that she was now only a second-class power.
For Britain herself, the offer of the Marshall Aid dollars presented a last chance to modernise herself as an industrial power before her old trade rivals could recover from defeat and occupation. Instead, all the illusions and follies of post-war British policy now reached their climax in the wasting of Britain's Marshall Aid. The French and German tenders for Marshall Aid resemble today's four-year business plans, being detailed technocratic strategies which give clear priority to investment in reconstructing industry and infrastructure.
However, the British tender, originally drafted by a senior Treasury civil servant, resembled an Oxbridge economist's prolix prize-essay - with a tour of the world's economic horizon and Britain's place within it.