Chechnya profile - BBC News
Chechnya is bordered by Russia proper on the north, Dagestan republic on the east They remained successful while the Russians were occupied with the. The Chechen–Russian conflict is the centuries-long conflict, often armed, between the Russian .. ISBN Kempton, Daniel R.; Clark, Terry D. (). Unity or Separation: Center-Periphery Relations in the Former Soviet Union. Chechens are an ethnic minority living primarily in Russia's North What is the post-Soviet history of violence in Chechnya? . Experts say there are several ties between the al-Qaeda network and Chechen groups.
Chechen rebels seize key government sites. August 31, - A peace accord is signed and Russian troops soon withdraw. Two years of fighting leavesChechens and 3, Russian troops dead.
August - Islamist rebels launch incursions into neighboring Dagestan. Russian forces respond by moving into Chechnya in September. September - Apartment buildings in Moscow, Buynaksk and Volgodonsk are bombed, resulting in the deaths of nearly people.
Chechnya Fast Facts - CNN
February - Russian forces take control of Grozny, and the conflict begins to wind down. July - Militants launch five suicide bomb attacks on Russian security bases. The deadliest attack kills 54 people. October - Chechen rebels seize a theater in Moscow, and hold over people hostage. Russian forces use an unknown gas to subdue the militants. All 41 of the rebels and hostages die.
May - Fifty-nine people are killed when two suicide bombers drive a truck full of explosives into a government complex in northern Chechnya. June - A suicide attack kills 16 people at a concert in Moscow. On December 11,Russian troops invaded Chechnya.
Overcoming stiff resistance, the Russian forces took the capital city of Grozny Dzhokhar in March Chechen guerrilla resistance continued, however, and a series of cease-fires were negotiated and violated. In Dudayev was killed during Russian shelling, and the following year former guerrilla leader Aslan Maskhadov was elected president.
It was estimated that up topeople in Chechnya died and more thanwere forced to flee their homes during the s. Russian troops, which had withdrawn from Chechnya after the agreements of the mids, returned in late after Prime Minister Vladimir Putin blamed Chechen secessionists for bombings that killed scores of civilians in Russia. Evidence never proved Chechen involvement in the bombings. As Russian forces gained control of the republic, Chechen fighters, forced into the mountains and hills, continued to employ guerrilla tactics.
In October a group of Chechen militants seized a Moscow theatre and took nearly spectators and performers hostage. In the ensuing rescue operation, some hostages died—mostly as the result of inhaling a narcotic gas released by security forces that was meant to incapacitate the Chechens.
Following the incident, Russia stepped up military operations in Chechnya. In Chechen voters approved a new constitution that devolved greater powers to the Chechen government but kept the republic in the federation.
The following year the Russian-backed Chechen president, Akhmad Kadyrov, was killed in a bomb blast allegedly carried out by Chechen guerrillas. Russian forces, in turn, killed several top separatist leaders in and Denying accusations by human rights groups that he employed kidnapping, torture, and murder to quash opposition, Kadyrov maintained the support of Russia, and in early he claimed that the insurgency had been crushed.
Austria Chechnya, Russia and 20 years of conflict How the tiny region shaped post-Soviet Russia on the 20th anniversary of the start of first Chechnya war.
Chechen–Russian conflict - Wikipedia
But the first Chechen war became Russia's Vietnam; the second war was declared a victory only in The two conflicts have reshaped Russia, Chechnya, their rulers - and those who oppose them. Inshortly after Moscow invaded Chechnya in an effort to restore its territorial integrity, Akhmad Kadyrov, a bearded, barrel-chested Muslim scholar turned guerrilla commander, declared jihad on all Russians and said each Chechen should kill at least of them.
That was the proportion of the populations on each side of the conflict: Moscow was lambasted internationally for disproportionate use of force and rolling back on the democratic freedoms that former leader Boris Yeltsin was so eager to introduce after the Soviet Union collapse.
Tens of thousands died amid atrocities committed by both sides - and many more were displaced beforewhen the Russians retreated, leaving Chechnya essentially independent. Retreating was a humiliation for Russia's military machine that less than a decade earlier had presented a seemingly formidable threat to the entire Western world. Chechen against Chechen Independence did not quite work out for the Chechens. The separatist government based in the ruined capital, Grozny, lost control over the rest of Chechnya.
Kidnappings for ransom - along with primitive extraction of oil - were their main sources of income. Akhmad Kadyrov, who was appointed as top Mufti of Chechnya, came into opposition with the puritans and their Chechen supporters, because he saw their extremist views as a threat to the separatist movement.
InKadyrov openly renounced the Wahhabis - and barely survived the first of many assassination attempts. Kadyrov soon switched alliances, siding with the people upon whom he had once declared war - the Russians.
Attacks in Russia When a series of explosions in apartment buildings in Moscow and two Russian towns killed more than Russians, Moscow blamed Chechen rebels and embarked on an epic "anti-terrorist operation," which became the second Chechen war. Putin's approval ratings skyrocketed, paving the way for his first presidency. InKadyrov was elected Chechen president. Attacks throughout the country became a grim reality of the new war and involved explosions in cities and towns, on planes and public transport.