Decolonization and Cold War - Oxford Handbooks
Cold War and European decolonization were global processes that largely overlapped in time. The interrelationships between them were. October and November were two of the coldest months of the Cold War. . The tensions the Algerian war would create in Franco-American relations were. Decolonization, the Cold War, and the Foreign Policy of the Peace Corps relationship” between the United States and the developing world
As a result of WWII, three of these four conditions were significantly weakened. The war itself weakened the fiscal-military strengths of European states, while the spread of technology, guerilla warfare, and anti-axis militarized organizations in the colonies all served to reduce the asymmetry of military power.
3. Empire, Cold War, and Decolonization, –53 - Politics Trove
For example, five Portuguese colonies obtained independence after the Portuguese state collapsed in the mids. Nevertheless, economic reasons for imperial powers to hold on to colonies intensified. Which European states were involved in the process of decolonization?
InSpain moved towards becoming an ally of the United States: In Malaya, British suppressed an ethnic Chinese communist revolt between before agreeing to independence in In summary, this essay affirmed that Cold War helped facilitate European decolonization, and affected some specific processes of decolonization. French in Vietnam changed specific processes of decolonization. In addition, I have also argued that Cold War was neither a primary cause of the fact of decolonization many causes had its roots in WWII insteadnor was it the only major factor affecting decolonization processes e.
Other references to the course Lectures follow the same format. My earlier essay written as Assignment 5: Decolonization of Asia and Africa, — Between andthree dozen new states in Asia and Africa achieved autonomy or outright independence from their European colonial rulers.
In some areas, it was peaceful, and orderly. In many others, independence was achieved only after a protracted revolution. A few newly independent countries acquired stable governments almost immediately; others were ruled by dictators or military juntas for decades, or endured long civil wars. Some European governments welcomed a new relationship with their former colonies; others contested decolonization militarily.
The process of decolonization coincided with the new Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and with the early development of the new United Nations. Decolonization was often affected by superpower competition, and had a definite impact on the evolution of that competition. It also significantly changed the pattern of international relations in a more general sense.
How did Cold War rivalries affect European decolonization?
The creation of so many new countries, some of which occupied strategic locations, others of which possessed significant natural resources, and most of which were desperately poor, altered the composition of the United Nations and political complexity of every region of the globe. In the mid to late 19th century, the European powers colonized much of Africa and Southeast Asia.
During the decades of imperialism, the industrializing powers of Europe viewed the African and Asian continents as reservoirs of raw materials, labor, and territory for future settlement. In most cases, however, significant development and European settlement in these colonies was sporadic. However, the colonies were exploited, sometimes brutally, for natural and labor resources, and sometimes even for military conscripts.
In addition, the introduction of colonial rule drew arbitrary natural boundaries where none had existed before, dividing ethnic and linguistic groups and natural features, and laying the foundation for the creation of numerous states lacking geographic, linguistic, ethnic, or political affinity. After the Japanese surrender inlocal nationalist movements in the former Asian colonies campaigned for independence rather than a return to European colonial rule.