Role of libraries in education – Daily Pakistan Observer –
Specifically, the relationship between learning style and library anxiety was investigated. A setwise multiple regression analysis revealed that students with the. With the growing need of society, education has converted to many shapes such as The American Library Association defines the library as a collection of. Academic journal article Educational Research Quarterly. The Relationship between Library Use and Academic Achievement of English and Spanish- Speaking.
For centuries, libraries have been seen as the bastions of civilization. In the ancient world, the library at Alexandria, a prototype for the modern research library, was the place where philosophical, spiritual, and cosmological teachings came together to create a vital cultural environment.
It was where tributaries of knowledge converged, an intellectual magnet that drew the best scholars of the day. Euclid wrote geometry there. It is where the Old Testament was translated from Hebrew to Greek.
Suppose there was in ancient Alexandria a fast, low-cost duplicating service that copied the scrolls and compressed their size. Imagine an ancient laptop computer with its hard drive loaded with image copies of all the Alexandrian scrolls, or a set of compact discs containing copies of the scrolls.
Were that the case, we would today think of the library at Alexandria as a museum of scrolls.
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We would be thankful that the information in it had been passed down the millennia through multiple copies owned by many, many Romans. I mention this fantastic scenario to illustrate that the digital age poses what may be the greatest challenge yet to the idea of the university research library as the citadel of civilization. In a world in which the digitized contents of whole libraries can be filed on the disk capacity of a laptop or PC, we must address critical questions about how this alters the nature and role of the modern university library and its librarians.
I would venture to say that the answer to this question is quite clear. We must not fund such developments on the margins of our budgets and treat them as annoying curiosities. We must encourage librarians to develop parallel skill sets that will enable them to serve users of physical as well as virtual collections. Rather than choose one world over another, librarians must have a foot in each, navigating equally well through the traditional and the digital library landscape.
The name of the game is balance between the old and the new.
The Library and Education: Integrating Information Landscapes • CLIR
The twenty-first century university library can and should be a creator of new knowledge, an innovator in developing collaboratively built and collectively held digitized collections. The key point is this: If we are to fully exploit the promise of technology, the university itself must break down the barriers that divide its traditional decentralized units and commit to a new way of doing business.
Strong partnerships between IT and the library are essential aspects of our ability to create the most productive balance between the old and the new. Digital technology can be our greatest tool in this effort. But realizing the promise digital libraries hold for our universities, and for our culture as a whole, requires us to radically rethink our model of the research library and to live and work in a new landscape of highly integrated technology and human capital.
Universal Access to Human Knowledge. As such they can make especially important contributions to establishing digital libraries as reliable and persistent institutions offering sustainable information resources. What is necessary for us to accomplish that? I believe we need to address the following questions: Here are three brief examples, based on our experiences at IU, in leveraging what is usually considered information technology infrastructure specific to scientific research to provide IT resources to scholars in all disciplines and to digital libraries.
High-performance storage systems, capable of holding hundreds of terabytes of data, were first developed for use in supercomputing centers and national laboratories, such as those operated by the U. The primary users of these massive data storage systems have been scientists in physics and astronomy, climatology, geology, and-increasingly-in chemistry, biology, and the life sciences. At Indiana University, we have implemented a high-performance storage system with a total capacity of more than terabytes with a simple, Web-based front end.
This system uses a combination of disk storage and high-capacity, high-performance automated magnetic tape systems and has the capability to mirror data between our Bloomington and Indianapolis campuses over our I-Light optical fiber infrastructure.
We took deliberate steps to make this same high-performance storage system available to scholars in all disciplines and in so doing have begun providing high-performance data storage facilities to researchers for projects as diverse as conservation of endangered American Indian languages, such as the Lakota and Dakota Sioux languages; compiling digital images and other archives for a study of North American and biblical slavery; and building digital sound archives from a phonetics laboratory in the field of linguistics.
This storage facility is providing the basis for development of a digital library repository to support preservation and archiving of both born-digital and digitized content. The availability of a massive data storage facility, coupled with the development of a digital library repository, is an important element of a project being undertaken by Indiana University and the University of Michigan to develop a digital video archive for the study of ethnomusicology.
The EVIA Digital Archive will preserve video recordings in digital form at very high quality and make them easily accessible for teaching and research.
This project has been funded by The Andrew W. IU is the first site in the United States, and probably the first anywhere in the world, that has succeeded in building a massive data storage system that serves the entire research community, offering high-end storage services to faculty and students in all disciplines.
Recently we became the largest massive data storage site of any university in the country, exceeding the data stored at Cal Tech. My second example of leveraging investments in IT infrastructure for use by humanities scholars focuses on adapting technologies developed for scientific visualization and virtual reality to the needs of the humanities and the arts. At Indiana University, the Advanced Visualization Laboratory supports both these projects, as well as many others in the physical sciences and life sciences.
Educational Role of the Library
The university has also facilitated research in innovative interfaces to digital libraries, allowing users to navigate through a virtual space to explore collections of digital art images or other resources. IU has made a point of extending the reach of these advanced technologies and making them available to scholars in other disciplines who are not typically thought of as users of virtual reality technology. These efforts include the use of visualization and virtual reality technologies as a medium for artistic creation, thus enabling faculty and students in fine arts to combine computer technology and art in innovative ways with the goal of creating new forms of visual expression.
The CAVE allows researchers to explore the world of virtual reality in an eight-foot cube. The most exciting aspects of virtual reality technologies include the unique ability to generate imagery, view it in three dimensions, and manipulate it in real time.
As a result, medical professionals and students use the technology to project three-dimensional radiological data as they plan intricate surgical procedures. Each sound manifests itself as a virtual physical object based on the characteristics of the sound, such as volume, duration, position, direction, as though the sound had been made visible at its point of creation. Third, IU has worked to adapt IT infrastructure to the needs of scholars using high-performance networking.
Indiana University is known as a national and international leader in the field of high-performance networking. This network serves as the backbone for distributed scientific experiments that are being conducted on a scale never before possible. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey offers a case in point.
The survey will map in detail one-quarter of the entire sky. It will determine the positions and absolute brightness of more than million celestial objects.
It will also measure the distances to more than a million galaxies and quasars. It is the most ambitious astronomical survey project ever undertaken. In we initiated a High-Performance Network Applications Program that has provided funding for IU faculty and graduate students to develop new research and teaching applications that require high-performance local, regional, or national networks.School Libraries Matter: The Changing Role of the School Librarian
A number of these awards went to applications in the arts and humanities. One such application is the archaeological reconstruction and rendering of ruins such as the Mayan sites in Chichen Itza and delivery of high-resolution virtual tours of these sites over computer networks.
These archaeological reconstructions form the basis of the Cultural Digital Library Indexing Our Heritage CLIOH project, which is creating a digital archive of cultural heritage sites from around the world.
Another high-performance network application in the arts and humanities is the use of networks to create shared virtual spaces for collaborative performance of musical works by musicians in diverse or remote locations.
All of these applications further the development and evaluation of network-based collaborative environments for information sharing and information seeking, from virtual reality interfaces to digital libraries. More than faculty, staff, and students worked energetically to develop our first IT strategic plan. Librarians and technology professionals had, at that point, been meeting for some time in informal discussion groups that enabled their two cultures to explore matters of mutual interest.
Faculty provided substantial input from the beginning of the planning process. They work on common platforms, use the latest software, and are networked as well as any university in the world.
UITS provides uniform, integrated services throughout the university, and it is staffed by individuals with high levels of expertise. Life-cycle replacement also extends to digital library-specific infrastructure for example, servers, digitization equipment, and software that is essential for creating sustainable persistent digital libraries.
The strategic plan worked, in part, because it had funding attached to it. The IU library system and digital library program have capitalized on the strong, centralized IT structure that the IT strategic plan helped us develop.
Activities such as archiving and system management-often the responsibility of the library automation specialists-are performed by UITS. Moreover, this centralization frees librarians, and particularly those in the Digital Library Program, to respond to critical changes taking place in teaching, learning, and research. Development of digital resources, such as course management tools, emphasizes the need for a coordinated approach to networked information services.
Many believe that integration is the most vital key to present success and dramatic growth in the future. Digital libraries will flourish in an integrated information landscape that maximizes resources, offers intersections that facilitate dialogue, deliberately promotes collaborative strategic planning, and enables more agile responsiveness to evolving trends in learning and research.
Forging Partnerships Is Essential to Realizing the Full Promise of Digital Library Development The decentralized organization common to academic culture poses obstacles to the development of digital libraries as strategic aspects of the university enterprise.
The Role of Libraries in Education – Information Science Today
Indiana University is among a fairly small group of libraries that have a strong relationship between their IT organization and their library-some others are the University of Southern California, Stanford, Columbia, and the University of Virginia.
At many institutions, IT infrastructure is not centralized. Frequently, support and funding for libraries, including digital library development, are separate from support and funding for other IT activities in the university, thus creating silos of development and duplication of technology infrastructure.
Such separation and duplication are especially problematic in this era of constrained resources. There are various Types of libraries such as academic, public, school and Special Libraries. Academic libraries is considered all those libraries which serve the university, colleges and its affiliated organizations provide services to their students, faculty and staff members. All larger institutions have their own libraries on their campuses which are specially serving the various schools and department inside the institute some of the examples are health sciences, law and humanities libraries.
There are many other academic libraries which have faculty status and conducting research in their area of knowledge. Such libraries are run by professional librarians and expert in their field. Considers that type of library which serve the communities living around of all sizes and types without a creed and caste. The main mission of Public library is to serve the contemporary society and the general masses of the community from cradle to grave.
Public libraries are further divided in various sections such as youth, teens and adults. A school library Is considered as that type of library which serves the community, at school from kindergarten to grade This type of library is affiliated with the school and helps the students and teachers in their academic goal.
This library can be run by librarian having a certificate course or diploma in library science. Special libraries Are considered as that type of libraries which serves a special community in their research activities and provide services in specialized environments of interest.
These libraries are mainly connected with special organization like hospitals, corporation, museum, military institute, Think tank, private business, etc. Pursuing a library career is another option these include research in library and information sciences or a degree in some library school, there is also a huge range of vendors providing goods and services to the library as well as international opportunities like vendors, publishers etc.
Common mission of all libraries around the world. The very first and common mission of all Libraries across the world to answer the query being asked by individual regarding various subjects.
All libraries are providing reading, reference and recording material to the individuals who demands for various subjects. People can find the answers which help them with their problems in their lives in their communities and in the world.
Sharing of information to the individual on the basis of sharing is caring formula. Role of Libraries in Education: The Libraries are considered as a hub of research and information and its role can never be denied by educating the masses. The basic role of Libraries is: