Polynesia - Wikipedia
practised throughout the Pacific, it was in Tonga and Tahiti that its use as a tool of . as the sacrifice of finger joints prior to the death of a superior relation was 'a. Tonga officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian country and archipelago comprising . maintained its sovereignty, and remained the only Pacific nation to retain its monarchical government (unlike Tahiti and Hawaiʻi). . Tonga's relations with Oceania's regional powers, Australia and New Zealand, are good. Tonga cut its official ties with the UK in , but remains an active member of the Cook Islands, French Polynesia (Tahiti), Niue, Pitcairn, Samoa, and Tuvalu.
The culture of West Polynesia is conditioned to high populations. It has strong institutions of marriage and well-developed judicial, monetary and trading traditions. It comprises the groups of TongaNiueSamoa and extends to the atolls of Tuvalu to the north.
- After Tahiti for a week, where to? Tonga,Fiji or Amer. Samoa - French Polynesia Forum
The pattern of settlement that is believed to have occurred is that the Polynesians spread out from the Samoan Islands into the Tuvaluan atolls, with Tuvalu providing a stepping stone to migration into the Polynesian Outlier communities in Melanesia and Micronesia. The large islands of New Zealand were first settled by Eastern Polynesians who adapted their culture to a non-tropical environment. Unlike Melanesialeaders were chosen in Polynesia based on their hereditary bloodline.
Samoa, however, had another system of government that combines elements of heredity and real-world skills to choose leaders. This system is called Fa'amatai. According to Ben R.
Finney and Eric M. Jones, "On Tahiti, for example, the 35, Polynesians living there at the time of European discovery were divided between high-status persons with full access to food and other resources, and low-status persons with limited access. Trading of both luxuries and mundane items was important to all groups. Periodic droughts and subsequent famines often led to war. In these cases fishing, the primary source of protein, would not ease loss of food energy.
Navigators, in particular, were highly respected and each island maintained a house of navigation with a canoe-building area.
Settlements by the Polynesians were of two categories: The size of the island inhabited determined whether or not a hamlet would be built. The larger volcanic islands usually had hamlets because of the many zones that could be divided across the island.
Food and resources were more plentiful. These settlements of four to five houses usually with gardens were established so that there would be no overlap between the zones. Villages, on the other hand, were built on the coasts of smaller islands and consisted of thirty or more houses—in the case of atolls, on only one of the group so that food cultivation was on the others.
Usually these villages were fortified with walls and palisades made of stone and wood.
After Tahiti for a week, where to? Tonga,Fiji or Amer. Samoa - French Polynesia Forum - TripAdvisor
InFrance appointed a governor and established a general council, thus giving it the proper administration for a colony. Postage stamps were first issued in the colony in Unknown at the time to the French and Polynesians, the Konoe Cabinet in Imperial Japan on 16 September included French Polynesia among the many territories which were to become Japanese possessionsas part of the "Eastern Pacific Government-General" in the post-war world.
InFrance's early nuclear testing ground of Algeria became independent and the Moruroa atoll in the Tuamotu Archipelago was selected as the new testing site; tests were conducted underground after French Polynesia became a full overseas collectivity of France in The last test was on 27 January On 29 JanuaryFrance announced that it would accede to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treatyand no longer test nuclear weapons. Politics of French Polynesia Under the terms of Article 74 of the French constitution and the Organic Law on the statute of autonomy of French Polynesia, politics of French Polynesia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic French overseas collectivity, whereby the President of French Polynesia is the head of governmentand of a multi-party system.
Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of French Polynesia the territorial assembly. Political life in French Polynesia has been marked by great instability since the mids. On 14 Septemberthe pro-independence leader Oscar Temaruwas elected president of French Polynesia for the third time in three years with 27 of 44 votes cast in the territorial assembly.
The Constitution of Tonga protects land ownership: The majority of the population engages in some form of subsistence production of food, with approximately half producing almost all of their basic food needs through farming, sea harvesting, and animal husbandry.
Women and men have equal access to education and health care and are fairly equal in employment, but women are discriminated against in land holding, electoral politics, and government ministries[ citation needed ].
The problems have mostly been driven by attempts to increase national revenue through a variety of schemes: The police imprisoned pro-democracy leaders, and the government repeatedly confiscated the newspaper The Tongan Times printed in New Zealand and sold in Tonga because the editor had been vocally critical of the king's mistakes. The amendment was defended by the government and by royalists on the basis of traditional cultural values.
The latter was supported by some signatures, including seven of the nine elected, "People's Representatives". In total, the changes threatened to destabilise the polity, fragment support for the status quo, and place further pressure on the monarchy. Inthe government spent several weeks negotiating with striking civil-service workers before reaching a settlement. The civil unrest that ensued was not limited to Tonga; protests outside the King's New Zealand residence made headlines.
Pro-democracy activists burned and looted shops, offices, and government buildings. The royal chamberlain said that this was being done to prepare the monarchy forwhen most of the first parliament will be elected, and added: